Praise be to Allah, Who removed the depths of darkness with His guidance, brought to life the nations with His revelations, and completed his all-encompassing favors on us. I testify that there is not god but Allah, with Whom there is no associate. He invited us to adopt monotheism and forbade us from polytheism. I testify that Muhammad (Salla Allahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) is His servant and Messenger, the unlettered Prophet (Salla Allahu Alaihi Wa Sallam)who was accused of being a magician. Allah forbid! How could this be? when he (Salla Allahu Alaihi Wa Sallam)has said:“Avoid the seven destructive things,”mentioning magic among them. Peace be upon him and on all the prophets and messengers of Allah. Brothers! I advice you and myself to fear Allah in outward and inward, and to follow the Prophet (Salla Allahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) in words and in deeds.
O Believers! After the Islamic communities had been the harbor of monotheism and the shelter of Faith, and the fort of creed, some of these communities, most of them, become vulnerable to the currents of polytheism and jugglery became firmly established in them.
The world of magic is a strange one. Its surface appears to be attractive, while its core contains dirt and rot. The devils enslaves magic and magicians, as well as their followers to the sun, the moon, the stars and idols, then to his villainous self.
Magic was and still is a slip from which mankind reaped bad fruits. It is a disformed figure and a hand stained with the blood of innocent people. It stole joy from the homes of many people and removed smiles from their lips. It has a black history, whose darkness is derived from its effects and the perversion of its followers and seekers.
Allah the Almighty blamed a group of the People of the Book who abandoned the book and were instead given to magic. Allah the Almighty says which translates as: “And when there came to them a Messenger from Allah, confirming what was with them, a party of the People of the Book threw away the Book of Allah behind their backs. As if (it had been something) they did not know! They followed what the evil ones gave out (falsely) against the power of Solomon: the blasphemers were, not Solomon, but the evil ones, teaching men magic” (Al-Baqarah: 101-102).
Magic has become widespread here, there and everywhere. No nation has ever been safe from it. It was used as a tool to enslave people to other than Allah. It was even an effective tool used against Messengers and messages, in the war kindled against them. It was also a ready-made accusation made against every prophet who called to monotheism and warned against polytheism.
Magic has many connotations: It may mean trickery and presenting falsehood instead truth, or it may mean evil-doing. Islamically it means some sort of spells,charms and knots used to affect the bodies and hearts of people making them sick or leading to their death, or causing separation between husband and wife. These are practiced by male and female witches. In order to be well-versed in witchcraft, a long course is followed, ending with disbelief in Allah. Do not be disturbed to learn that they wear the Qur’an as shoes on their feet, with which they enter toilets, and write the Qur’anic verses with stool or with menstrual blood. They sacrifice animals to other than Allah. Some have intercourse with their mothers and daughters, while others prostrate themselves to stars. These disbelieving acts made by a witch or magician are proofs of his/her being well-versed in witchcraft and his/her being an intimate friend toIblis, may Allah curse them. Allah says which translates as:“Verily he who comes to his Lord as a sinner (at Judgment), for him is Hell: therein shall he neither die nor live”(Ta Ha: 74).
The greater the witch or magician in disbelief, the more obedient the devil will be to him.
Allah says which translates as:“…if anyone assigns partners to Allah, he is as if he had fallen from heaven and been snatched up by birds, or the wind had swooped (like a bird on its prey) and thrown him into a far-distant place”(Al-Hajj: 31).
The magician or witch thus complies to the will ofIblis, to disobey Allah and incur His wrath. In the Holy Qur’an it is reported thatIblissaid which translates as: …"I will take of thy servants a portion marked off;”(Al Nisa’: 118)“Thus will Allah show them (the fruits of) their deeds as (nothing but) regrets…(Al-Baqarah: 167).
One who practices magic or witchcraft is a disbeliever, according to the agreement of Muslim scholars. They, in support, quote the Qur’anic verse saying which translates as: “But neither of these taught anyone (such things) without saying: "We are only for trial; so do not blaspheme”(Al-Baqarah: 102).
The punishment of a magician or witch is death, because he/she is considered a teacher and propagator of evil-doing and mischief, not to mention his/her being a disbeliever. Despite all these vices, a magician or witch may appear as one who gives treatment to people, taking the title of “Master” or “Sheikh”. He may even lead people inSalat, in order to deceive them. He may pretend to observe supererogatory Fasting, in order to bluff the fools.
Magic or witchcraft has become widespread in Islamic countries, and is no more a strange thing or an abhorred act, except by those whom Allah has shown mercy.
The media may display a magician who turns a serpent into a rope or bring out many animals from his small hat, in addition to other extraordinary skills. He may appear in an interview as a man who has exceptional faculties, as a means of deceiving simple-minded people.
Dear brother! Have you ever heard about those who go to magicians, where the light of faith is put out and where disobedience is kindled in the hearts of some people by the fuel of envy. They remained awake at night and exert great efforts during the day. They walk hastily, trying to forget the premonitions that tell them that the course they are taking will lead to directing harming Muslims. They enter upon magicians and hold a treacherous and betraying discourse. Where they are assured by these mischievous magicians that their plans would take effect. Allah says which translates as: “Do they not think that they will be called to account? On a Mighty Day, A Day when (all) mankind will stand before the Lord of the Worlds?”(Al-Mutaffifeen: 4-6).“Know they not that Allah knoweth what they conceal and what they reveal?”(Al-Baqarah: 77).
Then, a poor fellow Muslim, against whom the conspiracy was made, feels a change in his life, leading him to a course that he does not want.Al-Fudail bin ‘Iyadsaid: ‘By Allah, it is not lawful for you to harm a dog or a pig without a valid cause. How can you then harm a Muslim’?For many times these black deals, concluded in the darkness, destroyed the lives of families, leading to the divorce of many wives, the death of many people, the failure of many marriages, or the failure of many partnerships, etc. there is neither power nor strength, save in Allah!
Servants of Allah! Some people may have a disease for a long period, for which they find no cure. They in turn become desparate and dissatisfied. Then the devil induces them to consult a magician and seek the cure from him/her. In doing this, they forget the saying of Allah’s Messenger (Salla Allahu Alaihi Wa Sallam):“How wonderful is the affair of a believer. In all cases he obtains good. If he is in prosperity, he thanks Allah, which is good for him. If he is afflicted by misfortune, he becomes patient, which is good for him. This is unattainable by anyone other than a believer”.
A woman may consult a magician in order to prevent her husband from marrying a second or if he has already married a second wife, to feel for her more than the new wife and eventually divorce the new wife. Doesn’t she know that by doing this, she has committed a horrible mistake?Imam Muslimnarrated that the Prophet (Salla Allahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) said:“Whoever consults a fortune-teller, his Salat will not be accepted (by Allah) for forty days”.This is regarding consulting a soothsayer. As for believing in what he/she says, the Prophet (Salla Allahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) said: “Whoever consults a soothsayer and then believes in what he says, he is a disbeliever in what has been revealed to Muhammad”.Some people, burdened with apprehension, care and perplexity, resort to such unlawful acts, which is the result of weakness in Faith. Allah did not make a cure for the Muslim people in what He has prohibited.
The signs with which one can distinguish a magician from one who gives real treatment, are as follows:
Ø A magician may ask the patient about his name and the name of his mother.
Ø A magician may ask for something belonging to the patient i.e. a piece of his clothes, some hairs of his head, etc.
Ø A magician ask for a sacrificial animal with certain specifications to be sacrificed without mentioning the Name of Allah on it. He may stain the parts in which the patient feels pain with blood.
Ø A magician may write or recite certain spells that none can read or understand but him.
Ø A magician may order the patient to live in seclusion for a certain period in a room which the rays of sun do not reach.
Ø A magician may order the patient not to touch water for a certain period.
Ø A magician may give the patient some papers to burn and expose himself to its smoke.
Ø A magician may tell the patient in advance about his name, his town and the problems that he suffers.
If one is affected by magic, he should:
First: Follow the example of the Prophet (Salla Allahu Alaihi Wa Sallam).‘A’ishahreported:The Prophet (Salla Allahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) was affected by a magic spell, until he imagine doing things, which he did not do. One day, when he (Salla Allahu Alaihi Wa Sallam)was in my room, he supplicated Allah and then said: “O ‘A’ishah! Do you know that Allah has answered my question?” She said: Which question? He (Salla Allahu Alaihi Wa Sallam)said: “Two men came, one of them sat besides my leg and the other besides my head. One of them said to the other: What is the matter with the man? The other said: He (Salla Allahu Alaihi Wa Sallam)is under the effect of a magic spell. He said: Who did that to him (Salla Allahu Alaihi Wa Sallam)? He said: Labid bin Al-A’sam, the Jewish man from the Zuraiq. He said: From what was the spell made? He said: A comb and some hair and the skin of a branch of a male palm-tree. He asked: Where are these things? He answered: In the well of Dhi Arwan. The Prophet (Salla Allahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) took a company and went to the well. He (Salla Allahu Alaihi Wa Sallam)then returned to ‘A’ishah and said: “By Allah its water looks like the water mixed with henna and its palms look like the heads of devils.” He (Salla Allahu Alaihi Wa Sallam)then ordered the well to be buried” (Al-Bukhari).
If the Messenger (Salla Allahu Alaihi Wa Sallam)is affected by magic, what about those who are lower in status than him.
Second: The spell should be extracted and rendered ineffective, for this is the most effective cure of the patient.
Third: To pronounce legalRuqiah(treatment) that includes Qur’anic verses and soundHadiths. Allah says which translates as:“We send down (stage by stage) in the Qur-an that which is a healing and a mercy to those who believe (Al-Israa’: 82).
Fourth: to often supplicate Allah and implore Him: Allah says which translates as:“And your Lord says: "Call on Me; I will answer your (Prayer)"(Ghafir: 60). It is not necessary that theruqiahbe made by specific people, as every Muslim can practiceruqiahfor himself and for his family. The greater the person is god-fearing, the more effective hisruqiahwill be.
Fifth: reciting the entire Surah ofAl-Baqarah[the Cow] as it is a blessing and magicians cannot resist its effect. The Prophet (Salla Allahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) said:“Recite Surah Al-Baqarah, as reciting it is a blessing, abandoning it is a regret, and the magicians cannot resist it”.
A Muslim may protect himself from magic, the harm of devils, etc. by:
Ø Sticking to the remembrance uttered during morning and evening and the recitation of the Verse of Ayatul-Kursi[the Throne], transalated as:“Allah, none has the right to be worshiped but He, the ver Living, the One Who sustains and protects all that exists. Niether slimber, nor sleep overtake Him. To Him belongs whatever in the heavens and whatever is on earth. Who is he that can intercede eith Him except with His permission? He knows what happens to them in this world, and what will happen to them in the Hereafter. And they will never compass anything of His Knoladge except that which He wills. His Footstool extends over the Heavens and the earth, and He feels no fatigue in guarding and preserving them. And He is the Most High, The Most Great”(Al-Baqarah: 255). As well asSurahul Falaq,Surahun Naas, andSurahul Ikhlaas
Ø Eating seven dates daily. The Prophet (Salla Allahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) said:“Whoever eats seven Ajwah dates (a type of date from Madina) in the morning daily, will never be harmed by a poison or magic until the night”.
Ø Mentioning the Name of Allah on everything. The Prophet (Salla Allahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) said:“When the night falls, or when it is evening, keep your children in home, as the devils become widespread at that time. When an hour passes, let them free, and close your doors long with mentioning the Name of Allah, as the Satan does not open a closed door. Tie up your water skins and mention the Name of Allah. Cover your vessels, even by lying anything across them and mention the Name of Allah. Put out your lamps” (Al-Bukhari).
These instructions represented the Mercy of Allah shown to His servants, and the cautiousness of the Prophet (Salla Allahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) to protect his people from evils. If they then neglect these instructions, they shall only have themselves to blame.