Praise be to Allah, the Highest and the Greatest, Who is the only One who created all things and predefined their courses and managed their affairs. He has honored and held superior those whom He pleases, who are regarded as His friends, by granting them His victory. He has brought to humiliation those who turned to Him in hostility by humiliating them. Our Lord is the best to protect and the best to help. I testify that there is no deity of worship except Allah, with Whom there is no associate. To Him belongs the dominion and praise; surely He has power over all things. I testify that Muhammad is His servant and Messenger, the bearer of glad tidings, and the warner and the lamp giving guiding light. May the blessings of Allah be upon him, his family, his companions and those who will follow them until the Day of Judgement.
O people! Fear Allah and ponder over His days so that you might get remembrance. Ponder over His days in which he made His friends superior granting them victory, so that you might turn to Him with all praise and gratitude. Ponder over His days in which He humiliated His enemies, so that you might be righteous. Ponder over His days when He gracefully and justly judges among His servants so that you might be certain of that victory and superiority that Allah grants His friends, whenever and wherever they are, is originally to make the truth superior and the untruth inferior, and to humiliate the arrogant, and is regarded as a bounty to the believers until the Day of Judgment. Allah has sent Musa with clear signs to Fir‘awn whose stubbornness hindered him to accept the truth on public. Musa came to him with clear signs calling to the religion of oneness; the religion of Allah Who is the Lord of earth and heavens. Fir‘awn arrogantly said which translates as: “Pharaoh said: "And what is the 'Lord and Cherisher of the worlds'?” (Ash-Shu’ara: 23).
He denied the Great Lord by Whose will the earth and the heaven were created. There was in everything a clear sign pointing to His Might and Wisdom. Musa replied: “Moses said: "The Lord and Cherisher of the heavens and the earth, and all between, if ye want to be quite sure” (Ash-Shu’ara: 24).
There are also clear signs in the heavens and the earth and all in between by which one’s heart can be certain of the existence of Allah. Fir‘awn turned to the public replying in a sarcastic manner:“… "Do ye not listen (to what he says)?” (Ash-Shu’ara: 25).
Musa reminded him of his origin, as he was nothing before his creation like his fathers. In this regard Musa said which translates as: “… "Your Lord and the Lord of your fathers from the beginning!” (Ash-Shu’ara: 26).
Fir‘awn arrogantly persisted in his rejection. Furthermore, he claimed which translates as: “…"Truly your messenger who has been sent to you is a veritable madman!” (Ash-Shu’ara: 27).
By this claim he cast doubt on the validity of the Messenger (Salla Allahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) and on Allah Who sent him. In his reply Musa stated that, to deny the Great Creator is regarded as the core of insanity. In this Musa said: “…"Lord of the East and the West, and all between! If ye only had sense!” (Ash-Shu’ara: 28).
Fir’awn was further perturbed. When found himself unable to stand up to Musa’s argument, he resorted to the methodology of arrogance, which is to use terrorism. Fir’awn threatenedMusa with prison for treason. He said which translates as: …"If thou dost put forward any god other than me, I will certainly put thee in prison!"” (Ash-Shu’ara: 29).
He did not say that he would imprison Musa alone to terrify those people who might be tempted to follow him. On the other hand, Musa remains calm and still argues with clear signs like the sun, but Fir’awn tries his best to refute his argument or to distract people’s attention. To do this he said which translates as: “…"O my people! Does not the dominion of Egypt belong to me, (witness) these streams flowing underneath my (palace)? What! See ye not then? "Am I not better than this (Moses), who is a contemptible wretch and can scarcely express himself clearly? "Then why are not gold bracelets bestowed on him, or (why) come (not) with him angels accompanying him in procession?"Thus did he make fools of his people, and they obeyed him: truly were they a people rebellious (against Allah).” (Az-Zukhruf: 51- 54).
The story of the drowning was that Allah sent a message to Musa to move out from Egypt at night with his people. The Fir’awn sent heralds to all cities to gather people for an end, which Allah only knew. Fir’awn gathered all people and followed Musa towards the Mediterranean. “And when the two bodies saw each other, the people of Moses said: "We are sure to be overtaken.” (Ash-Shu’ara: 61).
The sea is before us and if we move into it, we will get drowned and if we stop moving, Fir’awn and his people will overtake us. Thereupon, Musa said: “… "By no means! My Lord is with me! Soon will He guide me!” (Ash-Shu’ara: 62).
When he reached the sea, Allah ordered him to strike it with his rod. After he struck it, it divided into twenty roads and the water that separated between these roads were like a firm mass of mountain. When Musa and his people were about to leave the sea and Fir‘awn and his people were about to enter it, Allah ordered the sea to return to its original state to drown Fir’awn and his people in the sea. O people! Ponder over this story to receive lessons and signs. See how Fir’awn was killing the children of the Israelites because of the fear he harbored from Musa. See how Musa was brought up in Fir‘awn’s home under his wife’s custody. See to what extent Musa was firm and determined in encountering the arrogant and despotic ruler, carrying Allah’s banner, declaring that there is no deity worthy of worship except Allah, the Lord of all worlds, Who saved His Prophet from His enemies. See who the liquid water became a firm trodden ways like firm mountain and how Allah destroyed this arrogant despotic ruler by the very thing which he was always proudly declaring to be under his rule, so he was tormented in water.
Undoubtedly, there is a great bounty that requires offering praise to Allah for showing us clear signs in His creation that confirm His Existence and Might, especially when He offers His people victory over His enemies. Therefore, when the Prophet (Salla Allahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) came to Madinah and found the Jews observing fasting during the fifth day of Al-Muharram celebrating the day on which Allah saved Musa, he also observed fasting as way of thanking Allah, he (Salla Allahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) said: “Anticipate the reward of Allah to forgive the sins of its previous year!” Therefore, Muslims should observe fasting during the fifth day of Al-Muharram to celebrate Musa’s salvation, but they should observe fasting during the ninth day as a way of being distinguished from the Jews, which was the command of the Prophet (Salla Allahu Alaihi Wa Sallam).
I seek Allah’s forgiveness for my sins and for yours.