"This means the hypocrites who
pray in public but do not pray in private.''
Thus, Allah says,
performers of Salah),
They are those people who pray
and adhere to the prayer, yet they are mindless of it.
- This may either be referring
to its act entirely, as Ibn Abbas said, or
- it may be referring to
performing it in its stipulated time that has been legislated in Islam. This
means that the person prays it completely outside of its time.
This was said by Masruq and Abu Ad-Duha.
Ata' bin Dinar said,
"All praise is due to Allah,
the One Who said, عَن صَلَاتِهِمْ سَاهُونَ(with their Salah are
Sahun) and He did not say, `those who are absent minded
in their prayer.'''
It could also mean the first
time of the prayer, which means they always delay it until the end of its time,
or they usually do so.
It may also refer to not
fulfilling its pillars and conditions, and in the required manner.
It could also mean performing
it with humility and contemplation of its meanings.
The wording of the Ayah
comprises all of these meanings. However, whoever has any characteristic of this
that we have mentioned then a portion of this Ayah applies to him. And whoever
has all of these characteristics, then he has completed his share of this Ayah,
and the hypocrisy of actions is fulfilled in him. This is just as is confirmed
in the Two Sahihs that the Messenger of Allah said,
This is the prayer of the
hypocrite, this is the prayer of the hypocrite, this is the prayer of the
He sits watching the sun until
it is between the two horns of Shaytan.
Then he stands and pecks four
(Rakahs) and he does not remember Allah (in them) except very little.
This Hadith is describing the
end of the time for the `Asr prayer, which is the middle prayer as is confirmed
by a text (Hadith). This is the time in which it is
disliked to pray. Then this person stands to pray it, pecking in it like the
pecking of a crow. He does not have tranquility or humility in it at all. Thus,
the Prophet said,
لَا يَذْكُرُ اللهَ
فِيهَا إِلَّا قَلِيلًا
He does not remember Allah (in
them) except very little.
He probably only stands to
pray it so that the people will see him praying, and not seeking the Face of
Allah. This is just as if he did not pray at all.
Whoever tries to make the
people hear of his deed, Allah, the One Who hears His creation, will hear it and
make him despised and degraded.''
from what is related to his
هُمْ يُرَاؤُونَ(Those who
do good deeds only to be seen), is that whoever does a deed solely for Allah,
but the people come to know about it, and he is pleased with that, then this is
not considered showing off.
This means that they do not
worship their Lord well, nor do they treat His creation well. They do not even
lend that which others may benefit from and be helped by, even though the object
will remain intact and be returned to them. These people are even stingier when
it comes to giving Zakah and different types of charity that bring one closer to
Al-Mas`udi narrated from
Salamah bin Kuhayl who reported from Abu Al-Ubaydin that he asked Ibn Mas`ud
about Al-Ma`un and he said,
"It is what the people give to
each other, like an axe, a pot, a bucket and similar items.''
This is the end of the Tafsir
of Surah Al-Ma`un, and all praise and thanks are due to Allah.