Therefore turn in prayer to your Lord and sacrifice.
إِنَّ شَانِئَكَ هُوَ الْأَبْتَرُ
who hates you, he will be cut off.
Muslim, Abu Dawud and
An-Nasa'i, all recorded from Anas that he said,
"While we were with the
Messenger of Allah in the Masjid, he dozed off into a slumber. Then he lifted
his head smiling. We said, `O Messenger of Allah! What has caused you to laugh'
He said, Verily, a Surah was just revealed to me. Then he recited,
I entered Paradise and I came
to a river whose banks had tents made of pearls. So I thrust my hand into its
flowing water and found that it was the strongest (smell) of musk. So I asked,
"O Jibril! What is this''
Al-Kawthar which Allah, the Mighty and Majestic has
Al-Bukhari recorded this in
his Sahih, and so did Muslim, on the authority of Anas bin Malik. In their
version Anas said, "When the Prophet was taken up
to the heaven, he said,
It is a river in Paradise
which my Lord has given me. It is whiter than milk and
sweeter than honey. There are birds in it whose
necks are (long) like carrots.
Umar said, "O Messenger of
Allah! Verily, they (the birds) will be beautiful.''
The Prophet replied,
آكِلُهَا أَنْعَمُ مِنْهَا يَا
The one who eats them (i.e.,
the people of Paradise) will be more beautiful than them, O `Umar.
Al-Bukhari recorded from Sa`id
bin Jubayr that Ibn Abbas said about Al-Kawthar,
"It is the good which Allah
gave to him (the Prophet).''
Abu Bishr said,
"I said to
Sa`id bin Jubayr, `Verily, people are claiming that it is a river in
`The river which is in
Paradise is part of the goodness which Allah gave him.'''
Al-Bukhari also recorded from
Sa`id bin Jubayr that Ibn Abbas said,
is the abundant goodness.''
This explanation includes the
river and other things as well. Because the word
Al-Kawthar comes from the word Kathrah
(abundance) and it (Al-Kawthar) linguistically
means an abundance of goodness. So from this goodness is the river (in
Imam Ahmad recorded from Ibn
Umar that the Messenger of Allah said,
Therefore turn in prayer to
your Lord and sacrifice.
meaning, `just as We have
given you the abundant goodness in this life and the Hereafter -- and from that
is the river that has been described previously -- then make your obligatory and
optional prayer, and your sacrifice (of animals) solely and sincerely for your
Worship Him alone and do not
associate any partner with him. And sacrifice pronouncing His Name alone,
without ascribing any partner to Him.'
meaning, `indeed he who hates
you, O Muhammad, and he hates what you have come with of guidance, truth, clear
proof and manifest light, he is the most cut off, meanest, lowliest person who
will not be remembered.
Ibn `Abbas, Mujahid, Sa`id bin
Jubayr and Qatadah all said,
"This Ayah was revealed about
Al-As bin Wa'il. Whenever the Messenger of Allah would be mentioned (in his
presence) he would say,
`Leave him, for indeed he is a
man who is cut off having no descendants. So when he dies he will not be
Therefore, Allah revealed this
Shamir bin `Atiyah said,
"This Surah was revealed
concerning `Uqbah bin Abi Mu`ayt.''
Ibn `Abbas and `Ikrimah have
"This Surah was revealed about
Ka`b bin Al-Ashraf and a group of the disbelievers of the Quraysh.''
Al-Bazzar recorded that Ibn
"Ka`b bin Al-Ashraf came to
Makkah and the Quraysh said to him,
`You are the leader of them
(the people). What do you think about this worthless man who is cut off from his
people He claims that he is better than us while we are the people of the place
of pilgrimage, the people of custodianship (of the Ka`bah), and the people who
supply water to the pilgrims.'
He replied, `You all are
better than him.'
So Allah revealed, "إِنَّ
شَانِئَكَ هُوَ الْأَبْتَرُ (For he who hates you, he will
be cut off.)''
This is how Al-Bazzar recorded
this incident and its chain of narration is authentic.
It has been reported that Ata'
"This Surah was revealed about
Abu Lahab when a son of the Messenger of Allah died. Abu Lahab went to the
idolators and said,
`Muhammad has been cut off
(i.e., from progeny) tonight.'
So concerning this Allah
شَانِئَكَ هُوَ الْأَبْتَرُ(For he who hates you, he will be cut off.)''
"When the male sons of a man
died the people used to say, `He has been cut off.' So, when the sons of the
Messenger of Allah died they said, `Muhammad has been cut off.'
Thus, Allah revealed, " إِنَّ
شَانِئَكَ هُوَ الْأَبْتَرُ (For he who hates you, he will be cut off.)''
So they thought in their ignorance that if his
sons died, his remembrance would be cut off.
Allah forbid! To the contrary, Allah preserved his
remembrance for all the world to see, and He obligated all the servants to
follow his Law. This will continue for all of time until the Day of Gathering
and the coming of the Hereafter. May the blessings of Allah and His peace be
upon him forever until the Day of Assembling.
This is the end of the Tafsir of Surah
and all praise and blessings are due to Allah.