So, glorify the praises of your Lord, and ask His forgiveness. Verily,
He is the One Who accepts the repentance and Who forgives.
This Surah informs of the Completion of the Life of Allah's
Al-Bukhari recorded from Ibn
Abbas that he said, "Umar used to bring me into the gatherings with the old men
of (the battle of) Badr. However, it was as if one of them felt something in
himself (against my attending). So he said,
`Why do you (`Umar) bring this
(youth) to sit with us when we have children like him (i.e., his age)'
So `Umar replied, `Verily, he
is among those whom you know.`
Then one day he called them
and invited me to sit with them, and I do not think that he invited me to be
among them that day except to show them. So he said,
`What do you say about Allah's
إِذَا جَاءَ نَصْرُ اللَّهِ وَالْفَتْحُ(When there comes the help of
Allah and the Conquest.)'
Some of them said,
`We were commanded to praise
Allah and seek His forgiveness when He helps us and gives us victory.'
Some of them remained silent
and did not say anything.
Then he (Umar) said to me, `Is
this what you say, O Ibn `Abbas'
I said, `No.'
He then said, `What do you
`It was the end of the life of
Allah's Messenger that Allah was informing him of.
When there comes the help of Allah and the Conquest.
which means, that is a sign
of the end of your life.
فَسَبِّحْ بِحَمْدِ رَبِّكَ وَاسْتَغْفِرْهُ ۚ
إِنَّهُ كَانَ تَوَّابًا
So, glorify the praises of your Lord, and ask His forgiveness. Verily, He is the
One Who accepts the repentance and Who forgives.'
So, Umar bin Al-Khattab said,
`I do not know anything about
it other than what you have said.'''
Al-Bukhari was alone in
recording this Hadith.
Imam Ahmad recorded from Ibn
Abbas that he said,
إِذَا جَاء نَصْرُ اللَّهِ وَالْفَتْحُ(When there comes the help of Allah and the Conquest.) was
revealed, the Messenger of Allah said, نُعِيَتْ
إِلَيَّ نَفْسِيMy death
has been announced to me. And indeed he died during that year.''
Ahmad was alone in recording
Al-Bukhari recorded that
"The Messenger of Allah used
to say often in his bowing and prostrating,سُبْحَانَكَ
اللَّهُمَّ رَبَّنَا وَبِحَمْدِكَ اللَّهُمَّ اغْفِرْلِي
(Glory to You, O Allah, our Lord, and praise be to You. O Allah, forgive me.) He
did this as his interpretation of the Qur'an (i.e., showing its
The rest of the group has also
recorded this Hadith except for At-Tirmidhi.
Imam Ahmad recorded from
Masruq that Aishah said,
"The Messenger of Allah used to often say towards the
end of his life,سُبْحَانَكَ
اللَّهُمَّ رَبَّنَا وَبِحَمْدِكَ أَسْتَغْفِرُ اللهَ وَأَتُوبُ إِلَيْه Glory to Allah, and praise be
unto Him. I seek Allah's forgiveness and I repent to Him.
Verily, my Lord has informed
me that I will see a sign in my Ummah and He has commanded me that when I see
it, I should glorify His praises and seek His forgiveness, for He is the One Who
accepts repentance. And indeed I have seen it (i.e., the sign.
When there comes the help of
Allah and the Conquest (Al-Fath).
And you see that the people
enter Allah's religion in crowds.
So glorify the praises of your
Lord, and ask His forgiveness. Verily, He is the One Who accepts the repentance
and Who forgives.''
Muslim also recorded this
The meaning of
Al-Fath here is the conquest of Makkah, and
there is only one view concerning it. For indeed the different areas of the
Arabs were waiting for the conquest of Makkah before they would accept Islam.
"If he (Muhammad is victorious
over his people, then he is a (true) Prophet.''
So when Allah gave him victory
over Makkah, they entered into the religion of Allah (Islam) in crowds. Thus,
two years did not pass (after the conquest of Makkah) before the peninsula of
the Arabs was laden with faith. And there did not remain any of the tribes of
the Arabs except that they professed (their acceptance) of Islam. And all praise
and blessings are due to Allah.
Al-Bukhari recorded in his
Sahih that `Amr bin Salamah said,
"When Makkah was conquered,
all of the people rushed to the Messenger of Allah to profess their Islam. The
various regions were delaying their acceptance of Islam until Makkah was
conquered. The people used to say,
`Leave him and his people
alone. If he is victorious over them he is a (true) Prophet.'''
We have researched the war
expedition for conquest of Makkah in our book As-Surah. Therefore, whoever
wishes he may review it there.
And all praise and blessings
are due to Allah. Imam Ahmad recorded from Abu `Ammar that a neighbor of Jabir
bin `Abdullah told him,
"I returned from a journey and
Jabir bin `Abdullah came and greeted me. So I began to talk with him about the
divisions among the people and what they had started doing. Thus, Jabir began to
cry and he said, `I heard the Messenger of Allah saying,