Similar was recorded by
At-Tirmidhi and Ibn Jarir and they added in their narration that he said,
"الصَّمَدُAs-Samad is One Who does not give birth,
nor was He born, because there is nothing that is born except that it will die,
and there is nothing that dies except that it leaves behind inheritance, and
indeed Allah does not die and He does not leave behind any inheritance.
يَكُنْ لَّهُ كُفُواً أَحَدٌ
there is none comparable to Him.
This means that there is none
similar to Him, none equal to Him and there is nothing at all like Him.''
Ibn Abi Hatim also recorded it
and At-Tirmidhi mentioned it as a Mursal
Then At-Tirmidhi said, "And
this is the most correct.''
A Hadith on its Virtues
Al-Bukhari reported from Amrah
bint Abdur-Rahman, who used to stay in the apartment of Aishah, the wife of
the Prophet, that Aishah said,
"The Prophet sent a man as the
commander of a war expedition and he used to lead his companions in prayer with
recitation (of the Quran). And he would complete his recitation with the
recitation of `Say: He is Allah, One.' So when they returned they mentioned that
to the Prophet and he said,
Ask him why does he do that?
So they asked him and he said,
`Because it is the description
of Ar-Rahman and I love to recite it.
So the Prophet said,
أَخْبِرُوهُ أَنَّ اللهَ
"Inform him that Allah the Most
High loves him.''
This is how Al-Bukhari
recorded this Hadith in his Book of
Muslim and An-Nasa'i also
In his Book of
Salah, Al-Bukhari recorded that Anas
"A man from the Ansar used to
lead the people in prayer in the Masjid of Quba'. Whenever he began a
the recitation of the prayer that he was leading them, he would start by
reciting `Say: He is Allah, One' until he completed the entire
Surah. Then he
would recite another Surah along with it (after it). And used to do this in
every Rak`ah. So his companions spoke
to him about this saying;
`Verily, you begin the prayer
with this Surah. Then you think that it is not sufficient for you unless you
recite another Surah as well. So you should either recite it or leave it and
recite another Surah instead.'
The man replied,
`I will not leave it off. If
you want me to continue leading you (in prayer), I will do this; and if you all
do not like it, I will leave you (i.e., I will stop leading you).'
They used to consider him to
be of the best of them to lead them in prayer and they did not want anyone else
to lead them other than him. So, when the Prophet came they informed him of this
information and he said,
What prevents you from doing
what your companions are commanding you to do, and what makes you adhere to the
recitation of this Surah in every
The man said, `Verily, I love
The Prophet replied,
حُبُّكَ إِيَّاهَا أَدْخَلَكَ
Your love of it will cause you
to enter Paradise.
This was recorded by
Al-Bukhari, with a disconnected chain, but in a manner indicating his approval.
A Hadith that mentions this
Surah is equivalent to a Third of the Qur'an
Al-Bukhari recorded from Abu
a man heard another man reciting
قُلْ هُوَ اللَّهُ أَحَدٌ(Say: "He is Allah, One.'')
and he was repeating over and over. So when morning came, the man went to the
Prophet and mentioned that to him, and it was as though he was belittling it.
Say: "He is Allah, One,'' and
the two Surahs of Refuge (Al-Falaq and
An-Nas) when you enter upon the evening and the
morning three times (each). They will be sufficient for you two times every
This Hadith was also recorded
by Abu Dawud, At-Tirmidhi and An-Nasa'i.
At-Tirmidhi said, "Hasan
An-Nasa'i also recorded
through another chain of narrators with the wording,
يَكْفِكَ كُلَّ شَيْء
They will suffice you against
Another Hadith about supplicating with it by Allah's Names
In his Book of
An-Nasa'i recorded from Abdullah bin Buraydah, who reported from his father
that he entered the Masjid with the Messenger of Allah, and there was a man
praying and supplicating saying,
"O Allah! Verily, I ask you by
my testifying that there is no God worthy of worship except You. You are the
One, the Self-Sufficient Sustainer of all, Who does not give birth, nor were You
born, and there is none comparable to Him.''
The Prophet said,
By Allah in Whose Hand is my
soul, verily he has supplicated with Ism e Azam.
Whenever supplication is made with the greatest name of Allah, it is blessed
Hadith about seeking a Cure by these Surahs
Al-Bukhari recorded from
whenever the Prophet would go to bed every night, he would put his
palms together and blow into them. Then he would recite into them (his palms),
`Say: He is Allah, One',
`Say: I seek refuge with the
Lord of Al-Falaq', (Surah 113) and
`Say: I seek refuge with the
Lord of mankind.' (Surah 114)
Then he would wipe whatever he
was able to of his body with them (his palms). He would begin wiping his head
and face with them and the front part of his body. He would do this (wiping his
body) three times.
The Sunan compilers also
recorded this same Hadith.
بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ
In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the
قُلْ هُوَ اللَّهُ أَحَدٌ
Say: He is Allah, One.
لَمْ يَلِدْ وَلَمْ يُولَدْ
He begets not, nor
was He begotten.
وَلَمْ يَكُنْ لَهُ كُفُوًا أَحَدٌ
And there is none
comparable to Him.
The reason for the revelation
of this Surah has already been mentioned.
- the Jews said, `We worship Uzayr, the son of Allah,' and
- the Christians said, `We
worship the Messiah (Isa), the son of Allah,' and
- the Zoroastrians said, `We worship the
sun and the moon,' and
He is the Originator of the
heavens and the earth. How can He have children when He has no wife He created
all things. (6:101)
meaning, He owns everything
and He created everything. So how can He have a peer among His creatures who can
be equal to Him, or a relative who can resemble Him. Glorified, Exalted and far
removed is Allah from such a thing.
And they say:
begotten a son. Indeed you have brought forth
(said) a terrible evil thing. Whereby the heavens are almost
torn, and the earth is split asunder, and the mountains fall in ruins, that they ascribe a son to
Ar-Rahman. But it is not suitable for
Ar-Rahman that He should beget a son.
There is none in the heavens
and the earth but comes unto Ar-Rahman as a slave. Verily, He knows each one of
them, and has counted them a full counting. And all of them will come to
Him alone on the Day of Resurrection. (19:88-95)