Therein (that night) is decreed every matter, Hakim.
means, on Laylatul-Qadr, the decrees are
transferred from Al-Lawh Al-Mahfuz to the
(angelic) scribes who write down the decrees of the (coming) year including life
span, provision, and what will happen until the end of the year.
This was narrated from Ibn Umar, Mujahid, Abu Malik, Ad-Dahhak and others among
means decided or confirmed, which cannot be changed or altered.
wait you for the Day when the sky will bring forth a visible smoke.
It was narrated that Masruq said,
"We entered the Masjid -- i.e., the
Masjid of Kufah at the gates of Kindah -- and
a man was reciting to his companions,
يَوْمَ تَأْتِي السَّمَاء بِدُخَانٍ مُّبِينٍ (the Day when the
sky will bring forth a visible smoke). He asked them;
`Do you know what that is?'
That is the smoke that will come on the Day of Resurrection. It will take away
the hearing and sight of the hypocrites, but for the believers it will be like
having a cold.'''
He said, "We came to Ibn Mas`ud, may Allah be pleased with him, and told him
about that. He was lying down, and he sat up with a start and said,
Say: "No wage do I ask
of you for this, nor am I one of the pretenders.'' (38:86).
And it is part of knowledge that when a man does not know something, he should
say, `Allah knows best.'
I will tell you a Hadith about that.
When the Quraysh did not respond to Islam and they grew stubborn, the Messenger
of Allah invoked Allah against them that they would have years like the years
(of drought and famine) of Yusuf. They became so exhausted and hungry that they
ate bones and dead meat. They looked at the sky, but they saw nothing but
According to another report:
"A man would look at the sky and he would see nothing between him and the sky
except a smoky haze, because of his exhaustion.''
the Day when We shall strike you with the Great Batshah. Verily, We will exact
He said, "This means the day of Badr.''
Ibn Mas`ud said,
"Five things have come to pass:
-the (defeat of the)
-the (splitting of
Hadith was narrated in the Two Sahihs.
was also recorded by Imam Ahmad in his Musnad, and by At-Tirmidhi and An-Nasa'i
in their (Books of) Tafsir, and by Ibn Jarir and Ibn Abi Hatim with a number of
chains of narration.
A number of the Salaf, such as Mujahid, Abu
Al-`Aliyah, Ibrahim An-Nakha`i, Ad-Dahhak and `Atiyah Al-`Awfi concurred with
Ibn Mas`ud's interpretation of this Ayah and his view that the smoke already
happened. This was also the view of Ibn Jarir.
According to the Hadith of Abu Sarihah, Hudhayfah bin Asid Al-Ghifari, may Allah
be pleased with him, said,
"The Messenger of Allah looked out upon us from a room while we were discussing
the Hour. He said:
If you could but see when they will be held over the (Hell) Fire! They will say:
"Would that we were but sent back (to the world)! Then we would not deny the
Ayat of our Lord, and we would be of the believers!'' (6:27)
they had turned away from him and said: "(He is) one taught, a madman!''
meaning, `what further admonition do they need when We have sent them a
Messenger with a clear Message and warning? Yet despite that, they turned away
from him, opposed him and rejected him, and they said: (He is) one taught (by a
human being), a madman.'
And if you could but
see, when they will be terrified with no escape, and they will be seized from a
near place.And they will say (in the Hereafter): "We do believe (now);'' but how
could they receive (faith and its acceptance by Allah) from a place so far
if you believe me not, then keep away from me and leave me alone.
means, `then let us leave one another alone and live in peace until Allah judges
After Musa, may Allah be pleased with him, had stayed among them for a long
time, and the proof of Allah had been established against them, and that only
increased them in disbelief and stubbornness, he prayed to his Lord against
them, a prayer which was answered.
And Musa said:"Our Lord!
You have indeed bestowed on Fir`awn and his chiefs splendor and wealth in the
life of this world, our Lord! That they may lead men astray from Your path. Our
Lord! Destroy their wealth, and harden their hearts, so that they will not
believe until they see the painful torment.''
Allah said: "Verily, the
invocation of you both is accepted. So you both keep to the straight way.''...
leave the sea as it is (quiet and divided). Verily, they are a host to be
When Musa and the Children of Israel has crossed the sea, Musa wanted to strike
it with his staff so that it would go back as it had been, and it would form a
barrier between then and Fir`awn and prevent him from reaching them. But Allah
commanded him to leave it as it was, quiet and divided, and gave him the glad
tidings that they were a host to be drowned, and that he should not fear either
being overtaken by Fir`awn or drowning in the sea.
Ibn Abbas, may Allah be pleased with him, said:
وَاتْرُكْ الْبَحْرَ رَهْوًا (And leave the sea as it is (quiet
and divided). means, leave it as it is and keep moving.
Mujahid said: رَهْوًا (as it is), means, a
dry path, as it is. `Do not command it to go back; leave it until the last of
them have entered it.'
This was also the view of Ikrimah, Ar-Rabi` bin Anas, Ad-Dahhak, Qatadah, Ibn
Zayd, Ka`b Al-Ahbar, Simak bin Harb and others.
comforts of life wherein they used to take delight!
means, a life which they were enjoying, where they could eat whatever they
wanted and wear what they liked, with wealth and glory and power in the land.
Then all of that was taken away in a single morning, they departed from this
world and went to Hell, what a terrible abode!
the heavens and the earth wept not for them, nor were they given respite.
means, they had no righteous deeds which used to ascend through the gates of the
heavens, which would weep for them when they died, and they had no places on
earth where they used to worship Allah which would notice their loss. So they
did not deserve to be given a respite, because of their disbelief, sin,
transgression and stubbornness.
Ibn Jarir recorded that Sa`id bin Jubayr said,
"A man came to Ibn Abbas, may Allah be pleased with him, and said to him: `O Abu
Al-`Abbas, Allah says, فَمَا بَكَتْ عَلَيْهِمُ السَّمَاء وَالْأَرْضُ وَمَا كَانُوا
(And the heavens and the earth wept not for them, nor were they given respite)
-- do the heavens and the earth weep for anybody?'
He, may Allah be pleased with him, said,
`Yes, there is no one who does not have a gate in the heavens through which his
provision comes down and his good deeds ascend. When the believer dies, that
gate is closed; it misses him and weeps for him, and the place of prayer on
earth where he used to pray and remember Allah also weeps for him. But the
people of Fir`awn left no trace of righteousness on the earth and they had no
good deeds that ascended to Allah, so the heavens and the earth did not weep for
Al-`Awfi reported something similar from Ibn Abbas, may Allah be pleased with
"There is nothing but our first death, and we shall not be resurrected.''
Here Allah denounces, the idolators for their denial of the Resurrection and
their belief that there is nothing after this life and no life or resurrection
after death, which they based on the fact that their forefathers had died and
had not returned.
bring back our forefathers, if you speak the truth!
This is false evidence and a specious argument, for the resurrection will happen
on the Day of Judgement, not in this world; it will happen when this world has
ended and ceased to be. Allah will bring all creatures back, created anew. He
will make the evildoers fuel for the fire of Hell, and on that Day you will be
witnesses over mankind and the Messenger will be a witness over you.
they better or the people of Tubba` and those before them?
destroyed them because they were indeed criminals.
Then Allah threatens them and warns them of the irresistible torment other
idolators like who denied the resurrection, suffered. Such as the people of
Saba'. Allah destroyed them, wreaked havoc upon their land and scattered
them here and there throughout the land, as we have already seen in Surah
This was brought about because the idolators denied the Resurrection. Here too,
the idolaters are compared to them.
They Tubba` were Arab descendants of Qahtan,
just as these people (Quraysh) were Arab descendants of `Adnan. Among the people
of Himyar -- who are also known as Saba' --
when a man became their king, they called him Tubba`,
just as the title Chosroes was given to the king of Persia, Caesar to the king
of the Romans, Fir`awn to the disbelieving ruler of Egypt, Negus to the king of
Ethiopia, and so on among other nations.
But it so happened that one of the Tubba`
left Yemen and went on a journey of conquest until he reached Samarqand,
expanding his kingdom and domain. He is the one who founded Al-Hirah. It is
agreed that he passed through Al-Madinah during the days of
He fought its inhabitants but they resisted him; they fought him by day and
supplied him with food by night, so he felt ashamed before them and refrained
from harming them.
He was accompanied by two Jewish rabbis who advised him and told him that he
would never prevail over this city, for it would be the place to which a Prophet
would migrate towards the end of time. So he retreated and took them (the two
rabbis) with him to Yemen.
When he passed by Makkah, he wanted to destroy the
Ka`bah, but they told him not to do that either. They told him about the
significance of this House, that it had been built by Ibrahim
Al-Khalil, peace be upon him, and that it
would become of great importance through that Prophet who would be sent towards
the end of time. So he respected it, performed Tawaf
around it, and covered it with a fine cloth. Then he returned to Yemen and
invited its people to follow the religion of guidance along with him.
At that time, the religion of Musa, peace be upon him, was the religion followed
by those who were guided, before the coming of the Messiah, peace be upon him.
So the people of Yemen accepted the religion of guidance along with him.
Abdur-Razzaq recorded that Abu Hurayrah, may Allah be pleased with him, said,
The Messenger of Allah said:
Verily, the tree of Zaqqum will be the food of the sinners.
Those who sinned by their words and in deeds. These are the disbelievers.
More than one commentator stated that this referred to Abu Jahl; undoubtedly he
is included among those referred to in this Ayah, but it is not specifically
Ibn Jarir recorded that Abu Ad-Darda' was reciting to a man:
إِنَّ شَجَرَةَ الزَّقُّومِ - طَعَامُ الْأَثِيمِVerily, the tree of
Zaqqum will be the food of the sinners. The
man said, "The food of the orphan.''
Abu Ad-Darda', may Allah be pleased with him, said, "Say, the tree of
Zaqqum is the food of the evildoer.''
i.e., he will not have any other food apart from that.
"If a drop of it were to fall on the earth, it would corrupt the living of all
the people of earth.''
boiling water will be
poured down over their heads. With it will melt what is within their bellies, as
well as (their) skins. (22:19-20)
The angel will strike him with a hooked rod of iron and split his head open,
then he will pour boiling water over his head. It will go down through his body,
melting through his stomach and intestines, until it goes through his heels; may
Allah protect us from that.
Certainly, We have made this easy in your tongue, in order that
they may remember.
Wait then; verily, they (too) are waiting.
The State of Those Who have Taqwa
and the Delights
They will enjoy in Paradise When Allah describes the state of the doomed, He
follows that with a description of the life of the blessed. For this reason the
Qur'an is called Al-Mathani (i.e.,
i.e., those who fear Allah and are dutiful towards Him in this world,
... فِي مَقَامٍ أَمِينٍ
be in place of security.
means, in the Hereafter, i.e., in Paradise, where they will be safe from death
and the fear of leaving it, and from every kind of worry, grief, terror and
exhaustion, and from the Shaytan and his
wiles, and from all other troubles and disasters.
will call therein for every kind of fruit in peace and security;
means, whatever kinds of fruit they ask for will be brought to them, and they
will have the security of knowing that this supply will never come to an end or
be withheld; these fruits will be brought to them whenever they want.
granted to you that you will be healthy and will never fall ill, you will live
and never die, you will enjoy a life of luxury and will never be miserable, you
will be youthful and will never grow old.''
This was recorded by Muslim.
It was reported that Abu Hurayrah, may Allah be pleased with him, said, The
Messenger of Allah said:
"Whoever has Taqwa of Allah, he will enter Paradise and enjoy a
life of luxury and he will never be miserable. He will live therein and never
die, his clothes will never wear out and his youth will never fade.''
... وَوَقَاهُمْ عَذَابَ
He will save them from the torment of the blazing Fire,
means, along with this great and eternal blessing, He will also have saved them
from the agonizing torment in the depths of Hell, so they will have achieved
their desired aim and avoided the thing they feared.
Certainly, We have made this easy in your tongue, in order that they may
means, `We have made this Qur'an, which We have sent down, easy, plain and
clear, in your language which is the most eloquent, clear and beautiful of all
order that they may remember.
means, in order that they may understand and know. Despite the fact that it is
so plain and clear, there are still people who disbelieve, who stubbornly go
against it. Allah says to His Messenger, consoling him and promising him
victory, and warning those who reject him that they will be destroyed.
meaning, `they will come to know who will be victorious and whose word will
prevail in this world and in the Hereafter. For victory will be for you, O
Muhammad, and for your brothers among the Prophets and Messengers, and for the
believers who followed you,' as Allah says:
كَتَبَ اللَّهُ لاّغْلِبَنَّ أَنَاْ وَرُسُلِى
Allah has decreed:
"Verily, it is I and My Messengers who shall be the victorious.'' (58:21)
Verily, We will indeed
make victorious Our Messengers and those who believe in this world's life and on
the Day when the witnesses will stand forth, -- the Day when their excuses will
be of no profit to wrongdoers. Theirs will be the curse, and theirs will be the
evil abode. (40:51-52)
This is the end of the Tafsir of Surah Ad-Dukhan.
All praise and thanks are due to Allah and in Him is all strength and