Some scholars said that Al-Jariyat Yusra
refers to the stars that float in their orbits with ease. This would mean that
the things mentioned were ascendant in their order, beginning with the lower,
then mentioning the higher one after that, etc. The winds bring the clouds, the
stars are above them and the angels who distribute by Allah's order are above
that, and they descend with Allah's legislative orders and the decrees He
These Ayat contain a vow from Allah that Resurrection shall come to pass.
"Full of beauty, grace, magnificence and perfection.''
Mujahid, Ikrimah, Sa`id bin Jubayr, Abu Malik, Abu Salih, As-Suddi, Qatadah,
Atiyah Al-`Awfi, Ar-Rabi bin Anas and others said similarly.
Ad-Dahhak, Al-Minhal bin `Amr and others said,
"The meandering of the water, sand and plants when the wind passes over them;
carving paths out of them, that is the Hubuk.''
All of these sayings return to the same meaning, that of beauty and complexity.
The sky is high above us, clear yet thick, firmly structured, spacious and
graceful, beautified with stars such as the sun and orbiting planets such as the
moon and the planets of the solar system.
Allah says, these confused and different opinions only fool those who are
inwardly misguided. Surely, such falsehood is accepted, embraced and it becomes
the source of confusion only for those who are misguided and originally liars,
the fools who have no sound comprehension,
The scholars of Tafsir have two opinions about this:
The First Opinion
The first is that, they used to spend a little part of every night awake.
Ibn Abbas said,
"Every night, they would worship Allah, even during a little part of the
Qatadah narrated that Mutarrif bin Abdullah said,
"Hardly a night would pass by them that they did not pray to Allah the Exalted
and Most Honored, either in the beginning, or the middle of it.''
"Only a few nights, if any, would they sleep through the night until the morning
without praying Tahajjud.''
Qatadah said similarly.
Anas bin Malik and Abu Al-Aliyah said,
"They used to pray between Al-Maghrib and
The Second Opinion
They used to spend a little part of the night in sleep. This was preferred by
Al-Hasan Al-Basri said:كَانُوا قَلِيلًا مِّنَ اللَّيْلِ مَا يَهْجَعُونَ (They used to sleep but
little by night),
"They performed voluntary night prayer and would not sleep during the night
except a little. They were active and would continue until they were seeking
forgiveness right before dawn.''
Abdullah bin Salam said,
"When the Messenger of Allah arrived at Al-Madinah, people quickly gathered
around him and I was among them. When I saw his face, I knew that it was not the
face of a liar. The first statement I heard from him was,
يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ
وَصَلُّوا بِاللَّيْلِ وَالنَّاسُ نِيَامٌ،
تَدْخُلُوا الْجَنَّةَ بِسَلَام
relations to kith and kin,
spread the Salam,
at night while people are asleep,
and you will
enter Paradise in peace.''
Imam Ahmad recorded that Abdullah bin Umar said that the Messenger of Allah
Allah, the Most High, descends each night to the lowest heaven
when the last third of the night remains. He says,
anyone who is repenting so that I may accept his repentance?
Is there anyone seeking forgiveness, so that I may forgive him?
Is there anyone asking of Me, so that I may grant him his
until Fajr begins.
Many of the scholars of Tafsir said that when the Prophet Ya`qub said to his
سَوْفَ أَسْتَغْفِرُ لَكُمْ رَبِّيَ
I will ask my Lord for forgiveness for you (12:98), he delayed doing so until
the hours before dawn.
And in their wealth there
was the right of the Sa'il and the Mahrum.
After Allah mentioned their quality of performing prayer, He then mentioned
their quality of spending in charity and acts of compassion and kindness,
وَفِي أَمْوَالِهِمْ حَقٌّ
(And in their wealth there was the right), a designated part which they
dedicated to the Sa'il and
The Sa'il is the poor who begs others, and he
has a due right.
As for the Mahrum, Ibn Abbas and Mujahid
"He is the poor person who does not receive a stipend.''
Meaning he does not receive a stipend from the Muslim treasury, nor does he have
a means of income, nor a profession.
The Mother of the faithful, A'ishah may Allah be pleased with her, said about
"He is the displaced, the one who does not have a profession to easily earn an
Qatadah and Az-Zuhri said:
"The Mahrum is the one who does not ask the
people for anything.''
And on the earth are signs
for those who have faith with certainty.
Allah says that there are signs on earth that testify to the might of the
Creator and His boundless ability. These signs include what Allah placed on the
earth, the various plants, animals, valleys, mountains, deserts, rivers and
He also created mankind with different languages, colors, intentions and
abilities, and a variety among them, differences in the power of understanding
and comprehension, their deeds, and ultimately earning happiness or misery.
Allah put every organ in their bodies in its rightful place where they most need
it to be.
Then by the Lord of the
heaven and the earth, it is the truth, just as you can speak.
Allah is swearing by His honorable Self, all of the matters of the Judgement,
Resurrection, and Recompense that they have been promised shall certainly occur.
Therefore, it is the truth, there being no doubt about it, so do not doubt its
coming, just as you do not doubt that you can speak When he would talk to one of
Mu`adh used to say: "What I am saying is as true as your being here.''
When you are greeted
with a greeting, greet in return with what is better than it, or return it
So the Friend of Allah chose a better reply in return for their greeting,
implementing Allah's command: Reciprocating the greeting with the term Salamun is stronger than the greeting
using the term Salaman.
The three angels; Jibril, Mika'il and Israfil came to Ibrahim in the image of
handsome young wonderfully graceful men. This is why Ibrahim said,
And placed it before them,
(brought it close to them), Saying, "Will you not eat?''
Ibrahim said this polite and kind statement to his guests, and surely, this Ayah
indicates proper manners for honoring guests. For he brought the food to his
guests quickly, while they were unaware that it was being prepared for them. He
did not first mention this favor to them by saying, "We will make food for
you.'' Rather, he discretely had it prepared and placed before them. He prepared
the best kind of food he had, a young, fat roasted calf. He did not place the
food far from them and invite them to come close to it to eat. Rather, he placed
it close to them and refrained from ordering them to eat. Instead he invited
them using a kind and subtle invitation,أَلَا تَأْكُلُونَ
(Will you not eat?)
This statement is similar to one of us saying to a guest,
"Would you be kind and generous to do such and such''
But when he saw their
hands went not towards it, he mistrusted them, and felt a sense of fear of them.
They said: "Fear not, we have been sent against the people of Lut.'' And
his wife was standing (there), and she laughed ... (11:70-71),
meaning, she was glad that the people of Lut
would be destroyed on account of their rebellion and transgression against
Allah, the Exalted. This is when the angels delivered the good news to her of a
son, Ishaq, and Ya`qub after Ishaq,
Then when the fear had
gone away from (Ibrahim), and the glad tidings had reached him, he began to
plead with Us for the people of Lut. Verily, Ibrahim was, without doubt
forbearing, used to invoke Allah with humility, and was repentant. "O Ibrahim!
Forsake this. Indeed, the commandment of your Lord has gone forth. Verily, there
will come a torment for them which cannot be turned back.'' (11:74-76)
And We have left there a
sign for those who fear the painful torment.
meaning, `We left a proof of the punishment, torment and stones made of
Sijjil (baked clay) that We sent on them; We
made their dwelling place a putrid, evil, dead sea. This should provide a lesson
for the believers,' لِّلَّذِينَ يَخَافُونَ الْعَذَابَ الْأَلِيمَ
(for those who fear the painful torment).
meaning, all the created are in pairs, the heaven and earth, night and day, sun
and moon, land and sea, light and darkness, faith and disbelief, death and life,
misery and happiness, Paradise and Fire, in addition to the animals and plants.
The statement of Allah the Exalted,
... لَعَلَّكُمْ تَذَكَّرُونَ
that you may remember.
(and know that the Creator, Allah, is One without partners),
`Verily, I am the Provider, Owner of power, the Most Strong.'
Dawud, At-Tirmidhi and An-Nasa'i also collected this Hadith. At-Tirmidhi said,
The meaning of this Ayah (51:56) is that, Allah the Exalted, the Blessed created
the creatures so that they worship Him Alone without partners. Those who obey
Him will be rewarded with the best rewards, while those who disobey Him will
receive the worst punishment from Him. Allah stated that He does not need
creatures, but rather, they are in need of Him in all conditions. He is alone
their Creator and Provider.
Imam Ahmad recorded that Abu Hurayrah said that the Messenger of Allah said,
Busy yourself in worshipping Me, and I will fill your chest with
riches and dissipate your meekness. Otherwise, I will fill your chest with
distracting affairs and will not do away with your meekness.''
At-Tirmidhi and Ibn Majah collected this Hadith and At-Tirmidhi said, "Hasan