was taken to Al-Bayt Al-Ma`mur. It is visited every day by seventy
thousand angels who will not come back to visit it again.
worship Allah in Al-Bayt Al-Ma`mur and perform
Tawaf around it just as the
people of the earth perform Tawaf around the
Ka`bah. Al-Bayt Al-Ma`mur is
the Ka`bah of those who reside in the seventh heaven.
During the Isra'
journey, the Prophet saw Ibrahim Al-Khalil, who was reclining with his
back on Al-Bayt Al-Ma`mur. It was Ibrahim who built the Ka`bah on earth,
and surely, the reward is compatible with the action.
Al-Bayt Al-Ma`mur is
parallel to the Ka`bah; every heaven has its own house of worship, which
is also the direction of prayer for its residents. The house that is
located in the lower heaven, is called Bayt Al-`Izzah.
And Allah knows best.
indicating that when Allah decides to send the
torment upon them, none can prevent it or stop it from striking them.
Al-Hafiz Abu Bakr Ibn Abi Ad-Dunya recorded that Jafar bin
Zayd Al-`Abdi said,
"One night, in Al-Madinah, Umar went out investigating the
welfare of Muslims and passed by the house of a man who was standing in
voluntary prayer. Umar stood quietly, listening to his recitation; the man
was reciting, وَالطُّورِ
until he reached the Ayah,إِنَّ
عَذَابَ رَبِّكَ لَوَاقِعٌ
لَهُ مِن دَافِعٍ (Verily,
the torment of your Lord will surely come to pass. There is none that can
avert it). Umar said, `By the Lord of the Ka`bah, this is a true vow.'
Umar dismounted his donkey and sat next to a wall for a while. He then
went back to his house and fell ill for a month. During his illness, the
people would visit him, not knowing what caused his illness.''
May Allah be pleased with Umar.
Describing the Day of Torment, the Day
Enjoying in that which their Lord has bestowed on them,
meaning, enjoying the various types of delight that Allah
has granted them therein, such as various types of foods, drinks, clothes,
dwelling places, mounts, and so forth,
... وَوَقَاهُمْ رَبُّهُمْ عَذَابَ الْجَحِيمِ﴿١٨﴾
and (the fact that) their Lord saved them from the torment
of the blazing Fire.
He saved them from the torment of the Fire, which is a
bounty itself. Added to this blessing is the fact that they were entered
into Paradise, which has delights that no eye has ever seen, no ear
has ever heard, nor has a heart ever imagined.
And those who believe and whose offspring follow them in
faith, -- to them shall We join their offspring, and We shall not decrease
the reward of their deeds in anything.
Ayah, Allah the Exalted affirms His favor, generosity, graciousness,
compassion and beneficence towards His creation. When the offspring of the
righteous believers imitate their parents regarding faith, Allah will
elevate the latter to the ranks of the former, even though the latter did
not perform deeds as goodly as their parents. Allah will comfort the eyes
of the parents by seeing their offspring elevated to their grades. Surely,
Allah will gather them together in the best manner, and He will not
decrease the reward or the grades of those higher in rank for joining them
together, hence His statement,
to them shall We join their offspring, and We shall not
decrease the reward of their deeds in anything.
Ath-Thawri reported that Ibn Abbas said,
"Verily, Allah elevates the ranks of the believers'
offspring to rank of their parents, even though the latter have not
performed as well as the former, so that the eyes of the parents are
who believe and whose offspring follow them in faith, -- to them shall We
join their offspring, and We shall not decrease the reward of their deeds
Ibn Jarir and Ibn Abi Hatim recorded this statement from
Sufyan Ath-Thawri from Ibn Abbas.
Ibn Abi Hatim also recorded that Ibn
Abbas commented on Allah's statement,
وَالَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَاتَّبَعَتْهُمْ ذُرِّيَّتُهُم بِإِيمَانٍ أَلْحَقْنَا بِهِمْ
ذُرِّيَّتَهُمْ (And those
who believe and whose offspring follow them in faith, -- to them shall We
join their offspring), saying,
"They are the offspring of the believers
who died on the faith. If the ranks of their parents are higher than their
ranks, they will be joined with their parents. No part of the reward their
parents received for their good deeds will be reduced for them.''
Abdullah, son of Imam Ahmad, recorded that Ali said,
"Khadijah asked the
Prophet about two of her children who died during the time of
and the Messenger of Allah said;
هُمَا فِي النَّار
both in the Fire).
When he saw sadness on her face, he said,
لَوْ رَأَيْتِ مَكَانَهُمَا
If you saw their dwelling place, you would hate them.
She said, `O Allah's Messenger! What about my children with
Verily, the believers and their offspring will dwell in
Paradise, while the idolators and their offspring will dwell in the Hellfire.
The Prophet then recited the Ayah,
وَالَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَاتَّبَعَتْهُمْ ذُرِّيَّتُهُم بِإِيمَانٍ (And
those who believe and whose offspring follow them in faith...)''
Certainly, it is Allah's grace and favor that He grants the
children this blessing because of the good deeds of their parents. He also
grants His favor to parents on account of their offspring invoking Allah
Imam Ahmad recorded that Abu Hurayrah, may Allah be pleased
with him, said that the Messenger of Allah said,
When the Son of Adam dies, his record of deeds will cease
except in three cases:
an ongoing charity,
knowledge that people are benefiting from and
a righteous son who invokes Allah for him.
Allah is Just with the Sinners
امْرِئٍ بِمَا كَسَبَ رَهِينٌ﴿٢١﴾
Every person is a pledge for that which he has earned.
After Allah mentioned His favor of elevating the offspring
to the ranks of their parents, even though the deeds of the former did not
qualify them, He affirmed His fairness in that, He does not punish anyone
for the mistakes of others,
امْرِئٍ بِمَا كَسَبَ رَهِينٌ
person is a pledge for that which he has earned). Therefore, every person
will be responsible for his actions. No sin committed by others shall ever
be added to one's load, even if committed by his or her parents or
meaning, when they drink, they do not
say any idle, vain words or utter dirty, sinful speech like the drunken
people in this life do.
Ibn Abbas said that
Laghw means `falsehood' while
Ta'thim means `lying'.
Mujahid said, "They do not curse each other nor sin.''
"These were the consequences of drinking in this life, and
Shaytan helped in this regard. Allah purified the wine of the Hereafter
from the ills and harm caused by the wine of this life.''
Therefore, Allah has purified the wine of the Hereafter
from causing headaches, stomachaches and intoxication like the wine of
this life. Allah stated that wine of the Hereafter shall not cause those
who drink it to utter false, vain words that carry no benefit, full of
foolishness and evil. Allah also described the wine of the Hereafter as
beautiful in appearance, tasty and fruitful,
And some of them draw near to others, questioning.
meaning, the believers will draw near to each other talking
and remembering their actions and conditions in this life, just as people
in this life talk while drinking, especially when they become intoxicated,
Absolving the Prophet of the False
Accusations the Idolators made against Him
Exalted commands His Messenger to convey His Message to His servants and
remind them of His revelation that has been sent down to him. Next, Allah
refutes the false accusations that the liars and sinners accused the
Let them then produce a recitation like unto it if they are
meaning, if they are truthful in their statement that
Muhammad has forged this Qur'an and brought it of his own, then let them
produce something similar to what he has brought forth, as in this Qur'an!
And even if they combine their strength to that of the people of the
earth, Jinns and mankind alike, they will never produce something like the
Qur'an, or ten Surahs like it, or even one Surah!
they created by nothing? Or were they themselves the creators? Or did they
create the heavens and the earth? Nay, but they have no firm belief. Or are
with them the treasures of your Lord? Or are they the tyrants with the
authority to do as they like?
I felt my heart would fly away.''
Hadith is collected in the Two Sahihs using various chains of narration.
Jubayr bin Mut`im went to the Messenger of Allah after the battle of Badr to ransom the captured idolators.
At that time, he was still an idolator. Hearing the Prophet recite this
Ayah was one of the reasons that he later embraced Islam.
Or did they create the heavens and the earth? Nay, but they
have no firm belief.
meaning, Allah is censuring the idolators for their
idolatry, while asking them if they created the heavens and earth. They
knew that Allah Alone is the Creator without partners with Him. However,
they fell into idolatry because they had no firm belief,
Then let their listener produce some manifest proof.
meaning, let their listener produce evidence to the truth
of their actions and statements. They will never be able to do so and
therefore, they have nothing and have no evidence for their stance.
Allah admonishes them regarding their claim that He has
daughters and that the angels are females! The pagans chose for themselves
male offspring and preferred them instead of females, and when one of them
would be brought the good news of a daughter being born, his face would
turn dark on account of his suppressed anger! Yet, they made the angels
Allah's daughters and worshipped them besides Allah,
Or do they intend a plot But those who disbelieve are
themselves plotted against!
Allah the Exalted is asking, `Do these people who utter
such statements about the Messenger and his religion seek to deceive the
people and plot against the Messenger and his Companions If they do, then
let them know that their plots will only harm them. Therefore, they are
being plotted against rather than being the plotters!'
And even if We opened to them a gate from the heaven and
they were to keep on ascending thereto (all day long), they would surely
say (in the evening): "Our eyes have been dazzled. Nay, we are a people
And verily, We will make them taste of the near torment
prior to the supreme torment (in the Hereafter), in order that they may
... وَلَكِنَّ أَكْثَرَهُمْ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ﴿٤٧﴾
but most of them know not.
meaning, `We will torment them in the life of the world and
test them with various hardships, so that they might go back and repent.
However, they do not understand what is happening to them or why, because
when the torment is removed, they revert to committing the worst of what
they used to do before.'
Ordering the Prophet to have Patience
and to glorify Allah
أو قال: ثُمَّ
دَعَا اسْتُجِيبَ لَهُ، فَإِنْ عَزَمَ فَتَوَضَّأَ ثُمَّ صَلَّى، قُبِلَتْ
gets up at night and says: `La ilaha illallah, He is One without partners.
For Him is the kingdom and all praise is due to Him. He has power over all
things. Glory be to Allah, and all praise is due to Allah, and
illallah and Allah is Greater. There is neither might nor power except
And then says,
`O Lord! Forgive me.'
Or invokes (Allah), he will
be responded to it, and if he intends and performs ablution and prays, his
prayer will be accepted.
Al-Bukhari and the Sunan compilers also recorded
Ibn Abi Najih reported that Mujahid commented on the Ayah,
بِحَمْدِ رَبِّكَ حِينَ تَقُومُ
glorify the praises of your Lord when you get up), saying,
gathering you sit in.''
Ath-Thawri said that Abu Ishaq narrated that Abu
Al-Ahwas said that,
بِحَمْدِ رَبِّكَ حِينَ تَقُومُ
glorify the praises of your Lord when you get up),
"When a person wants to stand from a gathering, he says:
`Glory be to You, O Allah, and with Your praise.'''
Whoever sits in a gathering in which he speaks idle
excessively, but says before he stands up to depart that gathering, `Glory
be to You O Allah, and with Your praise, I testify that there is no God
(worthy of worship) except You, I seek Your forgiveness, and I repent to
You.' Then, Allah will forgive him what he has said in that gathering.
This was recorded by At-Tirmidhi, and this is his wording,
and it was also recorded by An-Nasa'i in (`Amal)
At-Tirmidhi said, "Hasan
It was also recorded by Al-Hakim in his Mustadrak,
and he said, "Its chain meets the criteria of Muslim.''