I recited it to the
Jinns, on the night of the Jinns and their response was better than yours!
Whenever I recited Allah's statement,فَبِأَيِّ آلَاء رَبِّكُمَا تُكَذِّبَانِ (Then which of
the blessings of your Lord will you both deny), They said,
"None of Your favors do
we deny, our Lord! All praise is due to you.''
At-Tirmidhi recorded it
and he said, "This Hadith is Gharib.''
Al-Hafiz Abu Bakr Al-Bazzar
also collected this Hadith.
Abu Jafar Ibn Jarir
recorded that Abdullah bin Umar said that the Messenger of Allah recited
Surah Ar-Rahman, or it was recited
before him, and he said,
Whenever I recited the
statement of Allah the Exalted, ففَبِأَيِّ آلَاء رَبِّكُمَا تُكَذِّبَانِ (Then which of
the blessings of your Lord will you both deny), the Jinn responded by
saying, "None of the favors of our Lord do we deny.''
Al-Hafiz Al-Bazzar also
collected this Hadith.
Surah Ar Rahman
(The Most Gracious)
بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ
In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the
This refers to Allah
teaching the Qur'an, that is, teaching the servants how to recite it by
making it easy for them to speak and pronounce letters with the various
parts of the mouth, such as the alveolar bridge, the tongue and the lips
Allah's Signs: the Sun, the Moon, the Sky and the Earth
See you not that whoever
is in the heavens and whoever is on the earth, and the sun, and the moon,
and the stars, and the mountains, and the trees, and the moving creatures,
and many of mankind prostrate themselves to Allah. (22:18)
And the earth He has put
down (laid) for Al-Ana'm.
Allah raised the heavens
and put down, or laid, the earth and balanced it with firm mountains, so
that it would be stable for its residents that live on it, i.e. the
various types and kinds of creatures, different in species, shape, color
Ibn Abbas, Mujahid,
Qatadah and Ibn Zayd said that Al-An'am
means the creatures.
Then which of the
blessings of your Lord will you both deny?
meaning, "O mankind and
Jinn, which of the favors that Allah has given to you do you deny''
Mujahid and others said
this, and it is apparent when one reads what comes after it. Meaning the
favors that are obvious to you while you are surrounded by them, you
cannot deny or reject them. So we say, just as the believers among the
Jinns said, "O Allah! None of Your favors do we deny. All praise is due to
Ibn Abbas used to say,
"Nay, our Lord!'' meaning, "None of Your favors do we deny.''
"Whatever ship hoists a sail, it is from
Munsha'at, if it does not
hoist a sail, it is not from the Munsha'at.''
Others said that it is
Al-Munshi'at meaning, "launched.''
This means, they are like
mountains with their great size, and it also refers to the trade and
commercial services they make possible, transporting cargo from one area
to another and from one province to another. Ships provide various
benefits for people, including transporting different types of goods they
Allah states that all the
residents of earth will perish and die. The residents of the heavens will
die, except whomever Allah wills. Only Allah's Honorable Face will remain,
because our Lord, the Exalted, the Blessed, is the Ever Living Who never
"First, Allah mentioned His creatures and then He said
that all of this will perish.''
And in the reported supplication:
the Ever Living Who sustains all that exists!
O You Who created the
heavens and the earth without precedence.
O You, Who Owns the glory and
the honor, none has the right to be worshipped except You. We seek refuge
with Your mercy. Grant Us success in all of our matters. Please, do not
abandon us to rely on ourselves even for an instant nor on any of Your
"When you have recited, كُلُّ مَنْ
عَلَيْهَا فَانٍ (Whatsoever is on it (the
earth) will perish), do not stop, continue reading,
Whosoever is in the
heavens and on the earth begs of Him. Every day He is (engaged) in some
In this Ayah, Allah affirms that He is Rich, Free of all wants
for anyone else and that all creatures stand in need of Him, in all
conditions and situations. They all seek His help willingly or
unwillingly. Everyday, He is engaged in some affair.
from Mujahid, from `Ubayd bin `Umayr, كُلَّ
يَوْمٍ هُوَ فِي شَأْنٍ (Every day He is
(engaged) in some affair), He said,
"Of His affairs is that
He answers the supplicant, or gives to the one requesting, or removing
adversity, or cures the one seeking to be cured.''
O assembly of Jinn and
men! If you are able to pass beyond the zones of the heavens and the
earth, then pass beyond (them)! But you will never be able to pass them,
except with authority (from Allah)!
meaning, `you will never
be able to escape Allah's orders and decrees, because it encompasses you.
You will never be able to avoid or avert His rule and judgement over you,
you are surrounded by it wherever you may be.'
This is also about the
Gathering when the angels, comprising seven lines in every direction, will
surround the creatures. None of the creatures will be able to escape on
بِسُلْطَانٍ (except with authority),
meaning, except with the commandment from Allah,
الإِنسَـنُ يَوْمَئِذٍ أَيْنَ الْمَفَرُّ
كَلاَّ لاَ وَزَرَ
On that Day man will say:
"Where (is the refuge) to flee''
No! There is no refuge!
Unto your Lord will be
the place of rest that Day. (75:10-12),
And those who earned evil
deeds, the recompense of an evil deed is the like thereof, and humiliating
disgrace will cover them. No defender will they have from Allah. Their
faces will be covered as it were with pieces from the darkness of night.
They are the dwellers of Fire, they will abide therein forever. (10:27)
There will be sent
against you both, Shuwaz of fire and
Nuhas, and you will not be able to
Ali bin Abi Talhah reported from Ibn Abbas that Shuwaz is the flame of fire.
Abu Salih said, "It is the flame above the
fire below the smoke.''
Ad-Dahhak said, شُوَاظٌ مِّن
of fire), "A flood of fire.''
Allah said; وَنُحَاسٌ (and
Ali bin Abi
Talhah reported from Ibn Abbas;
"The smoke of the fire.''
reported from Abu Salih, Sa`id bin Jubayr and Abu Sinan.
Ibn Jarir said
that the Arabs used to call the smoke of the fire,
Nuhas and Nihas. But he
said that the scholars of Qur'anic recitation said that in this Ayah, the
word recited is Nuhas.
Mujahid said, "Molten brass poured over their
Qatadah held the same view.
Ad-Dahhak said, "Nuhas
is liquid copper.''
The Ayah means, `if you,
mankind and the Jinns, try to escape on the Day of Resurrection, then the
angels, including those among them who guard Hellfire, will bring you back
by directing smoke of fire and molten brass on you.'
And (remember) the Day
when the heaven shall be rent asunder with clouds, and the angels will be
sent down, with a grand descending. (25:25)
When the heaven is split
asunder, and listens to and obeys its Lord -- and it must do so. (84:1-2)
... فَكَانَتْ وَرْدَةً
and it becomes
This means they will melt just as sediment and silver are
melted when heated. And they will be colored, just as dies stain
something, sometimes red, sometimes yellow, or blue, or green. This
demonstrates the extent of the horrors of the Mighty Day of Resurrection.
As-Suddi said, "It will
be as rosy color and as filth oil.''
Dihan), "Like the colors of dyes.''
When the iron collars
will be rounded over their necks, and the chains, they shall be dragged
along, in the Hamim, then they will be
burned in the Fire. (40:71-72)
Allah said, آنٍ (An),
meaning hot, due to the fierce and intense heat that is impossible to
Ibn Abbas said; يَطُوفُونَ
بَيْنَهَا وَبَيْنَ حَمِيمٍ آنٍ (They will go between it
and Hamim An!),
"That has reached the ultimate temperature and boiling
Similar was said by Mujahid, Sa`id bin Jubayr, Ad-Dahhak,
Al-Hasan, Ath-Thawri and As-Suddi.
Qatadah also commented,
started when Allah created the heavens and the earth!''
Muhammad bin Ka`b
servant will be seized by the forehead and stirred in that boiling water
until his flesh melts and only the bones and the eyes in his head remain.
This is the meaning of
ثُمَّ فِى النَّارِ يُسْجَرُونَ
Hamim, then they
will be burned in the Fire. (40:72)
Al-Hamim Al-An means hot.''
is another report from Al-Qurazi;
آنٍ (Hamim An) that it means
This is also the view of Ibn Zayd.
And saying that it means
"prepared'' does not contradict the first report from Al-Qurazi which says
that it means hot, for Allah said:
They will be given to
drink from a spring, Aniyah. (88:5)
which means severe
and His saying;
not to wait for it to be
which means properly
cooking and preparing it.
So His saying;
آنٍ (Hamim An),
Hamim, that is very hot.
Surely, punishing the
disobedient criminals as well as favoring those who had
Taqwa, is from Allah's grace, mercy,
justice, compassion and kindness for His creatures. His warnings against
His torment and punishment, such as mentioned in these Ayat, should
encourage all creatures to abandon the Shirk and disobedience they engage
in, and this is why Allah reminded them of this favor;
But for him who fears the
standing before his Lord, there will be two Gardens.
on the Day of
And restrained himself
from the desires. (79:40),
and does not indulge nor prefer this worldly
life. He who knows that the Hereafter is better and more lasting, so he
fulfills what his Lord ordered him and stays away from His prohibitions,
then he will earn two gardens from his Lord on the Day of Resurrection.
Al-Bukhari recorded that Abdullah bin Qays said that the Messenger of
There are two gardens
made of silver -- their vessels and all that they contain. And there are
two gardens made of gold -- their vessels and all that they contain. And
nothing stands between the people in the `Adn Garden and looking at their
Lord, the Exalted and Most Honored, but the covering of pride before His
The Group, with the exception of Abu Dawud, collected this via the
Hadith of Abdul-Aziz.
This Ayah is general and applies to both humans
and Jinns, providing proof that those among the Jinns who believe and have Taqwa will enter Paradise, for Allah is reminding the
this favor, as He says;
In them (both) will be
every kind of fruit in pairs.
of every type and kind of
fruit, that which they knew before, and better, and that which they did
not know before. Therein, there are delights that no eye has ever seen, no
ear has ever heard and no heart has ever imagined,
Verily, the first group
that will enter Paradise will look like the moon when it is full, and the
next batch will be as radiant as the radiant star in the sky. Each one of
them will marry two wives. The marrow of the bones of their shins will be
seen through the flesh. None will be unmarried in Paradise.
This Hadith was recorded
in the Two Sahihs.
Imam Ahmad recorded that
Anas said that the Messenger of Allah said,
A morning or an evening
journey in Allah's cause is better than the world and whatever is on its
surface. And a place in Paradise as small as that occupied by the whip of
one of you, is better than the world and whatever is on its surface. If
one of the women of the people of Paradise looks directly at the earth,
she will fill what is between Paradise and earth with a good scent and all
of it will become delightful. Verily, the veil over her head is better
than this life and all that is on its surface.
We previously mentioned the Hadith stating
that there are two gardens made of gold, their vessels and all they
contain, and there are two gardens made of silver, their vessels and all
they contain. The first two are for the near believers (Muqarribin) and
the latter two are for those on the right (Ashab Al-Yamin).
"There are two gardens made of gold for the
Muqarribin and two
gardens made of silver for Ashab Al-Yamin.''
There are several proofs
that the former two gardens in Paradise are better in grade than the
latter. Allah mentioned the former two gardens before the latter two, thus
indicating their significance, then He said, وَمِن
دُونِهِمَا جَنَّتَانِ (And below these two,
there are two other Gardens). And this is an obvious form of honoring the
first two gardens over the latter two.
There is no doubt that
the former two gardens are better, their branches are fresh, youthful and
intermingling. Allah said about the former two gardens, فِيهِمَا
عَيْنَانِ تَجْرِيَانِ (In them (both) will be
two springs flowing (free)), while He said about the springs of the latter
two gardens, نَضَّاخَتَانِ (Naddakhatan);
Ali bin Abi Talhah reported from Ibn Abbas:
"It means gushing. And the free
flowing is stronger than gushing.''
Ad-Dahhak said that, نَضَّاخَتَانِ (gushing forth)
meaning, there are various types of good and delightful things in
these two gardens in Paradise, according to Qatadah.
It was also said that
Khayrat is plural of
Khayrah and it is a righteous, well-mannered,
beautiful woman, according to the majority of scholars, and it is also
reported from Umm Salamah as a Hadith from the Prophet.
There is another
Hadith saying that Al-Hur Al-Ayn will sing,
Hur (beautiful, fair
females) guarded in pavilions;
but He said about the first two gardens,
فِيهِنَّ قَاصِرَاتُ الطَّرْفِ (Wherein both will be
There is no doubt that the chaste wives that restrain their glances
themselves, are better than those guarded in pavilions even though both
About Allah's saying:
الْخِيَامِ (in pavilions),
Al-Bukhari recorded that Abdullah bin Qays said that the Messenger of
Verily, in Paradise, the
believer will have a tent from a hollow pearl, the width thereof is sixty
miles. In each corner of it there are wives for the believer that do not
see the other wives, and the believer will visit them all.
In another narration the
Prophet said that this tent is thirty miles wide.
Muslim recorded this
Hadith and in his narration, the Prophet said,
Verily in Paradise, the
believer will have a tent made of a hollow pearl the length thereof being
sixty miles. In it, the believer will have wives who do not see each
other, and the believer will visit them all.