Allah censures His Prophet for Prohibiting Himself
from what He has allowed for Him In the Book of Vows
Al-Bukhari recorded that
Ubayd bin Umayr said that he heard A'ishah claiming that Allah's Messenger
used to stay for a period in the house of Zaynab bint Jahsh and drink
honey in her house. (She said) "Hafsah and I decided that when the Prophet
entered upon either of us, we would say,
Maghafir on you. Have you eaten
When he entered upon one
of us, she said that to him.
Why do you forbid that which Allah has
allowed to you, seeking to please your wives? And Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.
Allah has already ordained for you (O men) the absolution
from your oaths. And Allah is your Protector and He is the
All-Knower, the All-Wise.
And (remember) when the Prophet disclosed a matter in
confidence to one of his wives, then she told it.
And Allah made it known to him; he informed
part thereof and left a part.
Then when he told her thereof, she said: "Who
told you this?''
He said: "The All-Knower, the All-Aware has
If you two turn in repentance to Allah, your hearts are
indeed so inclined;
in reference to `A'ishah
أَسَرَّ النَّبِيُّ إِلَى بَعْضِ أَزْوَاجِهِ حَدِيثًا
And (remember) when the
Prophet disclosed a matter in confidence to one of his wives, which refers
to this saying,
عَسَلًا But I have drunk honey. Ibrahim bin Musa said
that Hisham said that it also meant his saying,
I will not drink it
anymore, I have taken an oath to that, therefore, do not inform anybody
Al-Bukhari also recorded
this Hadith in the Book of Divorce;
then he said,
is a type of sap, and in Ar-Rimth (a
type of citrus) its taste is sweet...''
`Urfut is a tree of the shrub variety,
which secretes Maghfur.''
Muslim collected this
Hadith from A'ishah in the Book of Divorce in his Sahih, and his wording
is the same as Al-Bukhari in the Book of Vows.
In the Book of Divorce,
Al-Bukhari recorded that A'ishah said,
"Allah's Messenger liked
sweets and honey. After performing the `Asr
prayer, he used to visit his wives, going close to them. So he went to
Hafsah, daughter of Umar, and stayed with her more than his usual stay. I
(A'ishah) became jealous and asked about that. It was said to me,
`A woman of her family
sent her a small vessel of honey as a gift, and she gave a drink to
Allah's Messenger made from it.'
I said, `By Allah, we
will contrive a plot against him.'
I said to Sawdah bint
Zam`ah, `When the Messenger visits you and draws close to you, say to him,
`Have you eaten Maghafir?' And when he
says to you, `No', then ask him, `What is this odor?'
He will say to you, `Hafsah
has given me a drink of honey.' Then you should say to him, `The honeybees
might have eaten from Urfut, and I
will also say the same to him. Safiyyah, you should also say this.'
Sawdah later said, `It
was under compulsion that I had decided to state that which you told me;
soon, by Allah, he was standing at my door.'
So when Allah's Messenger
came near her, she said, `O Messenger of Allah! Did you eat
He said, `No.'
She again said, `Then
what is this odor'
حَفْصَةُ شَرْبَةَ عَسَل
Hafsah gave me honey to
She said, `The honeybees
might have eaten from `Urfut.'''
A'ishah continued, "When
he came to me I said the same to him."
He then visited Safiyyah
and she also said similar to him.
When he again visited
Hafsah, she said, `O Messenger of Allah, should I not give you that
He said, لَا حَاجَةَ لِي
فِيه I do not need it.
Sawdah said, `By Allah!
We have prevented him from drinking honey.'
I said to her, `Keep
Muslim also recorded this
Hadith, but this wording is from Al-Bukhari.
In the narration of
Muslim, A'ishah said,
"The Messenger of Allah
used to hate to have a bad odor coming from him''
This is why they
suggested to him that he ate Maghafir,
because it causes a bad odor. When he said,
عَسَلًا No, I had some honey.
They said that the bees
ate from a tree that is called Al-`Urfut,
which has Maghafir gum, suggesting
that this is the reason behind the bad odor they claimed was coming from
The latter narration,
collected through Urwah from A'ishah, mentions that it was Hafsah who gave
the Prophet the honey.
In another narration
collected from `Ubayd bin `Umayr, from A'ishah, it was Zaynab bint Jahsh
who gave the honey to the Prophet, while A'ishah and Hafsah were the
plotters. Allah knows best.
Some might say that they
were two separate incidents. However, it is not likely that the Ayat were
revealed about both incidents, if indeed they were two separate incidents.
Allah knows best.
A Hadith that Imam Ahmad
collected in the Musnad mentions that A'ishah and Hafsah were the
Imam Ahmad recorded that
Ibn Abbas said,
"I was eager to ask `Umar
about the two ladies among the wives of the Prophet , about whom Allah
تَتُوبَا إِلَى اللَّهِ فَقَدْ صَغَتْ قُلُوبُكُمَا
(If you two turn in
repentance to Allah your hearts are indeed so inclined);
Then I performed Hajj
along with Umar, and on our way back from Hajj he went aside (to relieve
himself). I also went aside along with him carrying a tumbler of water.
When he finished and returned, I poured water on his hands from the
tumbler and he performed ablution. I said,
`O Commander of the
faithful! Who were the two ladies among the wives of the Prophet, to whom
Allah said, إِن
تَتُوبَا إِلَى اللَّهِ فَقَدْ صَغَتْ قُلُوبُكُمَا
(If you two turn in
repentance to Allah your hearts are indeed so inclined),'
Umar said, `I am
astonished at your question, O Ibn `Abbas.''' -
Az-Zuhri (a subnarrator)
said that Umar did not like the question, but he still answered it, saying
that they were `A'ishah and Hafsah."
Then `Umar went on
relating the story and said,
`We, the people of
Quraysh, used to have authority over our women. But when we came to live
with the Ansar, we noticed that the Ansari women had the upper hand over
their men, so our women started acquiring the habits of the Ansari women.
At that time, I was residing at the house of Umayyah bin Zayd, in Al-Awali.
Once I got angry with my wife, and she talked back to me; I disliked her
answering me back. She said,
`Why do you dislike me
talking back to you By Allah, the wives of the Prophet talk back to him,
and some of them may not speak with him for the whole day, until
Then I went to Hafsah and
asked her, `Do you talk back to Allah's Messenger'
She said, `Yes.'
I asked, `Does any of you
keep Allah's Messenger angry all day long, until night?'
She replied, `Yes.'
I said, `Whoever among
you does this is a ruined, losing person! Doesn't she fear that Allah may
get angry for the anger of His Messenger and, thus, she will be ruined.
Don't ask Allah's Messenger too many things, and don't retort him in any
case. Demand from me whatever you like, and don't be tempted to imitate
your neighbor, for she is more beautiful than you, and more beloved to
Allah's Messenger than you.'
He meant `A'ishah.
I, and an Ansari neighbor
of mine used to visit the Prophet in turns. He used to go one day, and I
another day. When I went I would bring him the news of what had happened
that day regarding the revelation and when he went, he used to do the same
In those days it was rumored that the Ghassan (tribe) were
preparing their horses to invade us. My companion went and returned to us
at night and knocked at my door. I came out to him. He said that a grave
I asked him, `What is it Have Ghassan come'
that it was worse and more serious than that, adding that Allah's
Messenger had divorced all his wives.
I said, `Hafsah is a ruined loser! I
expected that would happen some day.'
So I dressed myself and I performed
the Subh prayer. I went to Hafsah and found her weeping. I asked her, `Has
Allah's Messenger divorced all of you'
She replied, `I don't know. He is
there alone in the upper room.'
I went to the upper room and asked a black
slave of the Prophet to ask for his permission to see me, and the boy went
in and then came out saying, `I mentioned you to him and he remained
I then went out and came to the
Minbar and found a group of
people around it and some of them were weeping. I sat with them for some
time, but could not endure the situation. So, I requested to the boy,
`Will you get the permission for Umar?'
He went in and then came out
saying, `I mentioned you to him, but he did not reply.'
So, I went to
Minbar and sat with the people who were sitting by the
Minbar, but I could
not bear the situation, so I went to the boy again and said, `Will you get
the permission for Umar?'
He went in and brought the same reply as before.
When I was leaving, behold, he called me saying, `Allah's Messenger has
granted you permission.'
So, I entered the Prophet's room, greeted him
with the Salam and saw him lying on a mat without bedding on it, and the
mat had left its mark on the body of the Prophet.
I said, `Have you
divorced your wives, O Allah's Messenger'
He raised his eyes to me and
I said, `Allahu Akbar. O Allah's Messenger! We, the people of Quraysh used to have the upper hand over our women. But when we came to
Al-Madinah, we found a people whose women had the upper hand over them.
Our women started learning this behavior from them. Once, I got angry with
my wife, and she talked back to me. I disliked that behavior from her and
she said, `Why do you dislike that I talk back to you By Allah, the
Prophet's wives talk back to him and one of them would ignore him the
whole day, until the night.' I said to her, `Whoever does this among them
is the ruined loser! Does she feel safe from Allah getting angry with her
on account of His Messenger's anger In that case, she would be ruined.'
that the Prophet smiled.
I then said, `O Allah's Messenger! I went to Hafsah
and said to her, `Do not be tempted to imitate your companion (`A'ishah)
for she is more beautiful than you and more beloved to the Prophet.'
The Prophet smiled again.
When I saw him smiling, I
said, `Does the Messenger feel calm?'
He said, `Yes.' So, I sat
down and cast a glance at the room, and by Allah, I couldn't see anything
of importance, except three hides. I said,
`Invoke Allah, O Allah's
Messenger, to make your followers prosperous, for the Persians and the
Byzantines have been made prosperous and given worldly luxuries, even
though they do not worship Allah.'
O Ibn Al-Khattab! Do you
have any doubt These people have been given rewards of their good deeds in
this world only.
I asked the Prophet, `Please beg Allah's forgiveness
for me, O Allah's Messenger.'
The Prophet swore that he would not go to
his wives for one month, because of his severe anger towards them, until
Allah the Exalted and Most Honored censured him.''
At-Tirmidhi and An-Nasa'i also collected this Hadith using various chains
Al-Bukhari and Muslim also collected it from Ibn Abbas, who
"For a whole year, I was eager to ask `Umar bin Al-Khattab about an
Ayah. However, I hesitated out of respect for him. Once, he went on a Hajj
trip and I accompanied him. On our way back, he stopped to relieve himself
behind some trees of Arak. I stopped until he finished and then walked
along with him and asked him, `O Leader of the believers! Who are the two
women who helped each other (or plotted) against the Prophet '''
This is the narration
that Al-Bukhari collected, while Muslim recorded that Ibn Abbas asked,
"Who are the two women
about whom Allah the Exalted said,
تَظَاهَرَا عَلَيْهِ but if you help one
another against him,''
`Umar replied, "A'ishah and Hafsah.''
mentioned the rest of the Hadith.
Muslim also recorded that Ibn `Abbas
said that Umar bin Al-Khattab said to him,
"When Allah's Messenger stayed
away from his wives, I entered the Masjid and found people striking the
ground with pebbles. They said, `Allah's Messenger has divorced his
wives.' That occurred before Hijab was commanded. I said to myself, `I
must investigate this news today.'''
So he mentioned the Hadith in which
he went to `A'ishah and Hafsah and admonished them. He then said, `I went
in and found Rabah, the servant of Allah's Messenger, sitting on a window
sill. I called, `O Rabah, seek permission for me from Allah's
He then mentioned the story as we mentioned above.
"I said, `O Messenger of Allah, what trouble do you feel from
your wives If you have divorced them, verily Allah is with you, His
angels, Jibril, Mikal, I, Abu Bakr and the rest of believers are with
you.' Often, when I talked, all praise is due to Allah, I hoped that Allah
would testify to the words that I uttered. And so the Ayat of option was
revealed. Allah said,
When any matter
pertaining to peace or alarm comes to them, they broadcast it; whereas, if
they would refer it to the Messenger and those who have been entrusted
with authority among them, those of them who are engaged in obtaining
intelligence would indeed know (what to do with) it. (4:83)
It was I who
understood (and properly investigated) this matter.''
Similar was said by
Sa`id bin Jubayr, Ikrimah, Muqatil bin Hayyan, Ad-Dahhak and others.
وَصَالِحُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ (and the righteous among
the believers); refers to Abu Bakr and `Umar.
Al-Hasan Al-Basri added Uthman
Layth bin Abi Sulaym said from Mujahid:
وَصَالِحُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ (and the righteous among
the believers); includes Ali bin Abi Talib also.
Al-Bukhari recorded that
"Umar said, `The wives of
the Prophet were all jealous for his affection, and I said to them,
عَسَى رَبُّهُ إِن
طَلَّقَكُنَّ أَن يُبْدِلَهُ أَزْوَاجًا خَيْرًا مِّنكُنَّ
(Maybe his Lord, if he
divorces you, will give him instead of you, wives better than you).
Thereafter, this Ayah was revealed.'''
Maybe his Lord, if he divorces you, will give him instead of
you, wives better than you - submitting, believers, obedient, turning to
Allah in repentance, worshipping Allah sincerely, Sa'ihat, previously
married, and virgins.
We mentioned before that Umar said
statements that were confirmed by the Qur'an, such as about the revelation
about Hijab (see
and the captive idolators after the battle of Badr (see
Umar's suggestion to take
the Station of Ibrahim as a place for prayer and Allah revealed this Ayah;
مَّقَامِ إِبْرَهِيمَ مُصَلًّى
And take you the Maqam
(station) of Ibrahim as a place of prayer. (2:125)
Ibn Abi Hatim recorded
that Anas said that Umar bin Al-Khattab said,
"I heard news that the
Mothers of the faithful had a dispute with the Prophet. So I advised
them, saying, `Either stop bothering Allah's Messenger or Allah might
provide him better wives than you.
Protect yourselves and
your families against a Fire (Hell)
Ali bin Abi Talhah
reported from Ibn `Abbas; He said,
"Work in the obedience of
Allah, avoid disobedience of Allah and order your families to remember
Allah, then Allah will save you from the Fire.''
Mujahid also commented
أَنفُسَكُمْ وَأَهْلِيكُمْ نَارًا (Protect yourselves and
your families against a Fire (Hell)) saying,
Taqwa of Allah and
order your family to have Taqwa of Him.''
"He commands obedience to
Allah, to not disobey Allah, he orders his family to obey His orders and
helps them to act upon His orders. When one sees disobedience, he stops
them and forbids them from doing it.''
Similar was said by Ad-Dahhak
"It is an obligation for the Muslim to teach his near family
members, and his male and female slaves what Allah has made obligatory for
them and what Allah has forbidden for them.''
There is a Hadith that
confirms the meaning of this Ayah.
Ahmad, Abu Dawud and At-Tirmidhi
recorded that Ar-Rabi` bin Sabrah said that his father said that the
Messenger of Allah said,
who disobey not the
commands they receive from Allah, but do that which they are commanded.
meaning, whatever Allah commands them, they rush to obey Him, without
delay for even a twinkling of an eye. They are able to fulfill the
command; they are called Az-Zabaniyah, meaning, the keepers and guards of
Hell, may Allah give us shelter from them.
No Excuse will be
accepted from the Disbeliever on the Day of Resurrection
Allah sets forth an
example for those who disbelieve,
meaning, the disbelievers
who live together in this life with Muslims, their mixing and mingling
with Muslims will not help the disbelievers, nor will it avail them with
Allah, until and unless they gain faith in their hearts.
the wife of Nuh and the
wife of Lut. They were under two of our righteous servants,
means, they were the
wives of two of Allah's Messengers and were their companions by day and
night, eating with them and sleeping with them, as much as any marriage
contains of interaction between spouses.
they both betrayed them.
meaning, in the faith,
they did not adhere to the faith sent through their husbands nor accepted
their message. Therefore, all the intimate knowledge of their husbands
neither helped them nor prevented punishment, hence Allah's statement,
The part of the Ayah that
reads, فَخَانَتَاهُمَا (but they both betrayed
them) does not pertain to committing illegal sexual intercourse, but to
refusing to accept the religion. Surely, the wives of the Prophets were
immune from committing illegal sexual intercourse on account of the honor
that Allah has granted His Prophets, as we explained in Surah
reported from Ibn Abbas,
"They betrayed them by not following their
religion. The wife of Prophet Nuh used to expose his secrets, informing
his oppressive people whenever any person embraced the faith with Nuh. As
for the wife of Prophet Lut, she used to inform the people of the city
(Sodom), who committed the awful sexual act (sodomy), whenever a guest was
entertained by her husband.''
Ad-Dahhak reported that Ibn Abbas said,
wife of a Prophet ever committed adultery and fornication. Rather, they
betrayed them by refusing to follow their religion.''
Similar was said by
Ikrimah, Sa`id bin Jubayr, Ad-Dahhak and others.
Let not the believers
take the disbelievers as protecting friends instead of the believers, and
whoever does that, will never be helped by Allah in any way, except you
indeed fear a danger from them. (3:28)
"Fir`awn was the
most tyrannical among the people of the earth and the most disbelieving.
By Allah! His wife was not affected by her husband's disbelief, because
she obeyed her Lord. Therefore, let it be known that Allah is the Just
Judge Who will not punish anyone except for their own sins.''
recorded that Sulayman said,
"The wife of Fir`awn was tortured under the
sun and when Fir`awn would finish the torture session, the angels would
shade her with their wings. She was shown her house in Paradise.''
Jarir said that Al-Qasim bin Abi Bazzah said,
"Fir`awn's wife used to ask,
When she was told, `Musa and Harun prevailed', she said,
`I believe in the Lord of Musa and Harun.'
Fir`awn sent his aides to
her and said to them, `Find the biggest stone. If she insists on keeping
her faith, throw the stone on her, otherwise she is my wife.
When they came to her,
she looked up to the sky and was able to see her house in Paradise. She
persisted on the faith and her soul was then captured. The stone was
thrown on her lifeless body.''
And Maryam, the daughter
of Imran who guarded her chastity (private part).
meaning, who protected
and purified her honor, by being chaste and free of immorality,
فِيهِ مِن رُّوحِنَا
And We breathed into it
(private part) through Our Ruh,
meaning, through the angel Jibril.
sent the angel Jibril to Maryam, and he came to her in the shape of a man
in every respect. Allah commanded him to blow into a gap of her garment
and that breath went into her womb through her private part; this is how `Isa
Many men have reached
the level of perfection, but none among women have reached this level
- Asiyah -- Fir`awn's wife,
- Maryam--the daughter of `Imran, and
- Khadijah--the daughter of Khuwaylid.
And no doubt, the superiority of
`A'ishah to other women is like the superiority of
Tharid to other meals.
In my book, Al-Bidayah wan-Nihayah, I have mentioned these Hadiths using
their various chains of narration in relating the story of Prophet `sa
and his mother Maryam, peace be upon them, all praise be to Allah.
the end of the Tafsir of Surah At-Tahrim, all thanks and praise are due to