so that you could see
the people lying toppled, as if they were A`jaz (trunks) of date palms,
Ibn `Abbas said about, خَاوِيَةٍ (Khawiyah),
"It means ruined.''
Others besides him said,
"It means dilapidated.''
This means that the wind
would cause one of them (palm tree) to hit the ground, and it will fall
down dead on his head. Then his head would shatter and it would remain a
lifeless corpse as if it were without branches, motionless.
It has been confirmed in
the Two Sahihs that the Messenger of Allah said,
meaning, `do you find any
one of them left or anyone who even attributes himself to being from
them?' Rather they are all gone, right down to the last of them, and Allah
did not make for them any successors.
This has been recited with a
Kasrah under the
letter Qaf (in the word
Qabalahu, as Qiblahu, which changes the meaning
to those who were with him in his time, and they were his followers who
were disbelieving Coptic people.
Others recited it with a
Fathah over the
letter Qaf (as the word
Qablahu), which means those nations
before him who were similar to him.
... وَالْمُؤْتَفِكَاتُ ...
the overthrown cities,
those nations that
rejected their Messengers.
Al-Khati'ah means their rejection of what Allah revealed.
meaning, it rose up over its shores by the leave
of Allah and it overcame all that existed.
Ibn `Abbas and others said,
"The water rising beyond its boundary means it increased abundantly.''
This happened due to the supplication of Nuh against his people when they
denied him, opposed him and worshipped other than Allah. Therefore, Allah
answered his supplication and the people of the earth were covered with
the flood except for those who were with Nuh in the ship. Thus, are humans
all from the loins of Nuh and his progeny.
For this reason Allah
reminds humanity of His blessing,
The pronoun "it'' here
refers to the species of the object (ships) due to the general meaning
alluding to this. Thus, the meaning is, `We caused its type of creation
(ships) to remain (in the earth) for you, so that you ride upon the
currents of the water in the seas. '
Then when the Trumpet will be blown with one blowing,
Allah informs of the
horrors that will take place on the Day of Judgement. The first of these
events is the blowing of fright (into the Trumpet), which will be followed
by the blowing of destruction when everyone in the heavens and the earth
will be struck down except whoever Allah wills. Then, after this will be
the blowing of standing before the Lord of all that exists, and the
resurrection, and the gathering. And this is that blowing. It is
emphasized here that it is one blowing, because the command of Allah
cannot be opposed or prevented, and it does not need to be repeated or
That Day shall you be
brought to Judgement, not a secret of you will be hidden.
meaning, `you will all be
presented to the Knower of the secrets and private counsels. He is the One
from Whom none of your affairs are hidden. He is the Knower of all things
apparent, secret and hidden.'
This is the reason that
Allah says, لَا تَخْفَى
مِنكُمْ خَافِيَةٌ (not a secret of
you will be hidden).
Imam Ahmad recorded from
Abu Musa that the Messenger of Allah said,
The people will be
exhibited three times on the Day of Judgement. The first two presentations
will be (their) arguing and offering excuses. During the third
presentation the pages (records) will fly into their hands. Some of them
will receive the records in their right hands and some will receive them
in their left hands.
Ibn Majah and At-Tirmidhi
both recorded this Hadith.
Then as for him who will be given his Record in his right
hand will say: "Here! read my Record!''
Allah informs of the
happiness of those who receive their Book in the right hand on the Day of
Judgement and being pleased with this. Out of his extreme pleasure is his
saying to everyone that he meets,
اقْرَؤُوا كِتَابِيهْ(Here! read my Record!)
`take my Book and read it.'
He will say this because
he knows that what is in it is good and purely virtuous deeds. He will be
of those whom Allah replaced their bad deeds (evils) with good deeds.
bin Zayd said, "The meaning of هَاؤُمُ
اقْرَؤُوا كِتَابِيهْ (Here! read my Record!)
`Here, read my Book.'... The suffix `Um' is a grammatical addition.''
This is what he (`Abdur-Rahman) said. It seems apparent that the suffix
`Um' means here `you all.'
Ibn Abi Hatim recorded that Abdullah bin
Abdullah bin Hanzalah - and he (Hanzalah) was the Companion who was washed
by the angels for his funeral - said,
"Verily, Allah will stop
His servant on the Day of Judgement and He will make his sins appear on
the outside of his Book of Records. Then He will say to him,
`Did you do this'
The servant will respond,
`Yes my Lord.'
Then Allah will say to
him, `I will not expose you (or dishonor you) for it, for verily, I have
forgiven you. '
The person will then say,
`Here (you all) read my Book!'''
Allah will bring the
servant close (to Him) on the Day of Judgement and make him confess all of
his sins. This will continue until the servant thinks that he is about to
be destroyed. Then Allah will say,
"Verily, I have concealed
these sins for you in the worldly life and I have forgiven you for them
Then he will be given his
Book of good deeds in his right hand.
However, about the
disbeliever and the hypocrite, the witnesses will say,
The Bad Condition of
Whoever is given His Record in His Left Hand
These Ayat inform about
the condition of the wretched people when one of them is given his Record
(of deeds) in his left hand when the people are brought before Allah. At
this time he will be very remorseful.
If a drop of lead like
this - and he pointed to a skull bone - were sent from the heaven to the
earth, and it is a distance of five hundred years travel, it would reach
the earth before night. And if it (the same drop of lead) were sent from
the head of the chain (of Hell), it would travel forty fall seasons, night
and day, before it would reach its (Hell's) cavity or base.
At-Tirmidhi also recorded
this Hadith and he said, "This Hadith is Hasan.''
Verily, he used not to
believe in Allah, the Most Great, and urged not on the feeding of the
meaning, he did not establish the right of Allah upon him, of
obedience to Him and performing His worship. He also did not benefit
Allah's creation nor did he give them their rights. For verily, Allah has
a right upon the servants that they worship Him alone and not associate
anything with Him.
The servants of Allah also have a right upon each other
to good treatment and assistance in righteousness and piety. For this
reason, Allah commanded performance of the prayer and the payment of
When the Prophet was (in
his last moments) near death he said,
The prayer (As-Salah)
and your right hand possessions (i.e., slaves).
So no friend has he here
this Day. Nor any food except filth from the washing of wounds.
eat it except the Khati'un.
meaning, there is no one today who can save
him from the punishment of Allah, nor any close friend or intercessor
whose request would be honored. He will have no food here except for the
filthy washing of wounds.
"It will be the worst food of the
people of the Hellfire.''
Ar-Rabi` and Ad-Dahhak both said,
is a tree in Hell.''
Shabib bin Bishr reported from Ikrimah that Ibn
`Ghislin will be the blood and fluid that will flow from
Ali bin Abi Talhah reported from Ibn Abbas that he said,
"Ghislin is the pus of the people of the Hellfire.''
Allah swears by His
creation, in which some of His signs can be seen in His creatures. These
also indicate the perfection of His Names and Attributes. He then swears
by the hidden things that they cannot see. This is an oath swearing that
the Qur'an is His Speech, His inspiration and His revelation to His
servant and Messenger, whom He chose to convey His Message, and the
Messenger carried out this trust faithfully.
So I swear by whatsoever
you see, and by whatsoever you see not, that this is verily the word of an
meaning, Muhammad. Allah gave this description to
him, a description which carries the meaning of conveying, because the
duty of a messenger is to convey from the sender. Therefore, Allah gave
this description to the angelic Messenger in Surah
At-Takwir, where he
It is not the word of a
poet, little is that you believe!
Nor is it the word of
soothsayer, little is that you remember!
So in one instance Allah
applies the term messenger to the angelic Messenger and in another
instance He applies it to the human Messenger (Muhammad). This is because
both of them are conveying from Allah that which has been entrusted to
them of Allah's revelation and Speech.
And if he had forged a
false saying concerning Us,
meaning, `if Muhammad
forged something against Us, as they claim, and added or removed anything
from the Message, or said anything from himself while attributing it to
Us, then We would surely be swift in punishing him.
And of course, Muhammad
did not do any of this (as the disbelievers claimed).'
means, `none of you would
be able to come between Us and him if We wanted to do any of this to him.'
The meaning behind all of
this is to say that he (Muhammad) is truthful, righteous and guided
because Allah determined what he is to convey from Him, and Allah helps
him with fantastic miracles and definite proofs.