Allah says concerning Nuh
that He sent him to his people commanding him to warn them of the
punishment of Allah before it befell them. He was to tell them that if
they would repent and turn to Allah, then the punishment would be lifted
from them. Due to this Allah says,
Verily, the term of Allah
when it comes, cannot be delayed, if you but know.
means, hasten to the
obedience (of Allah) before the coming of His vengeance. For verily, if He
commands that to happen, it cannot be repulsed or prevented. For He is the
Great One Who compels everything, and He is the Almighty Whose might all
of creation succumbs to.
Allah tells about His
servant and Messenger, Nuh, and that he complained to his Lord about the
response he received from his people, and how he was patient with them for
this long period of time -- which was nine hundred and fifty years. He
complained due to his explaining and clarifying matters for them and his
calling them to guidance and the straightest path. So
قَالَ he (Nuh) said,
I said: Ask forgiveness
from your Lord, verily, He is Oft-Forgiving;
meaning, `return to Him
and turn away from what you are involved in. Repent to Him soon, for
verily, He is Most Accepting of the repentance of those who turn to Him in
repentance. He will accept repentance no matter what the sin is, even if
it is disbelief and polytheism.'
(I said: Ask forgiveness
from your Lord, verily, He is Oft-Forgiving; He will send rain to you
meaning, continuous rain.
Thus, it is recommended to recite this
Surah in the prayer for rain due to this Ayah.
This has been reported from
the Commander of the faithful, `Umar bin Al-Khattab. He ascended the Minbar to perform the prayer for rain,
and he did not do more than seeking Allah's forgiveness and reciting the
Ayat that mention seeking Allah's forgiveness. Among these Ayat:
And give you increase in
wealth and children, and bestow on you gardens and bestow on you rivers.
meaning, `if you repent
to Allah, seek His forgiveness and obey Him, He will increase your
provisions for you and provide you with water from the blessings of the
sky. He will cause the blessings of the earth and crops to grow for you.
He will increase your live stock animals for you and give you more wealth
and children. This means that He will give you more wealth, more children
and gardens with various types of fruits. He will cause rivers to flow
among these gardens.'
This is the position of
the invitation with encouragement. Then He made it balanced for them by
using intimidation. He said,
See you not how Allah has
created the seven heavens in tiers?
meaning, one above
Can this be comprehended
simply by hearing it only or is it of the matters that actually can be
perceived with the senses which are known about the movements (of the
heavenly bodies) and the eclipses. It is known that they (the scholars)
have many different opinions about these matters that we will not discuss
here. The only intent here is that
Allah has created the
seven heavens in tiers and has made the moon a light therein, and made the
sun a lamp.
meaning, He made a
distinction between them (the sun and moon) in reference to their
lighting. He made each one of them in a set manner with a distinct quality
so that the night and day may be known. They (the night and day) are known
by the rising and setting of the sun. He also determined fixed stations
and positions for the moon, and He made its light vary so that sometimes
it increases until it reaches a maximum, then it begins to decrease until
it is completely veiled. This shows the passing of months and years.
It is He Who made the sun
a shining thing and the moon as a light and measured out for its stages
that you might know the number of years and the reckoning. Allah did not
create this but in truth. He explains the Ayat in detail for people who
have knowledge. (10:5)
meaning, He created it so that you may settle in
it and travel in it wherever you wish, from its different sides, areas and
All of this is from what Nuh informed them of concerning Allah's
power and His greatness in creating the heavens and the earth. It
demonstrates the favor that He did for them by making both heavenly
benefits and earthly benefits. For He is the Creator and the Sustainer Who
made the heaven as a building and the earth as a bed, and He enlarged His
provisions for His creatures. Therefore, He is the One Who it is
obligatory to worship, and accept as One God. No one should be associated
with Him as a partner, because He has no equal, peer, rival, coequal,
mate, son, minister or advisor, rather He is the Most High, the Most
Nuh turned to Allah to
inform Allah - the All Knowing from Whom nothing escapes - that he
presented the clear call, as mentioned previously, and the comprehensive
invitation in various ways. He called them sometimes by encouragement and
sometimes by intimidating warnings. Yet, they disobeyed him, opposed him,
denied him and followed the children of the world. They were those who
were heedless of the command of Allah and they possessed delights of
wealth and children. However, these things (worldly benefits) were also
for gradual punishment and temporary respite, not for honor or blessing.
And they have plotted a
mighty plot. And they have said: `You shall not leave your gods, nor shall
you leave Wadd, nor
Suwa`, nor Yaghuth, and
Ya`uq and Nasr.'
the names of their idols which they used to worship besides Allah.
Al-Bukhari recorded from Ibn `Abbas that he said,
"The idols that were
among the people of Nuh wound up among the Arabs afterwards. In reference
- Wadd, it became the idol of the people of
Kalb in the area of Dawmat
- Suwa` became the idol of the people of
- Yaghuth became
the idol of the people of Murad, then the people of
Bani Ghutayf at Al-Juruf
in the area of Saba' worshipped it after them.
- Ya`uq became the idol of the
people of Hamdan.
- Nasr became the idol of the people of
Himyar for the
family of Dhu Kala`.
These idols were all named after righteous men from
the people of Nuh. Then when these men died, Shaytan inspired his (Nuh's)
people to erect statues in honor of them at their gathering places where
they used to come and sit, and to name these statues after these men (with
their names). So they did this (as Shaytan suggested), but these statues
were not worshipped until after those people (the ones who built them) had
died and the knowledge was lost. Then, those statues were later
This has also been similarly reported from `Ikrimah, Ad-Dahhak,
Qatadah and Ibn Ishaq.
Ali bin Abi Talhah reported from Ibn `Abbas that
"These are statues that were worshipped in the time of Nuh.''
Jarir recorded from Muhammad bin Qays that he said concerning
Ya`uq and Nasr,
"They were righteous people between the time of Adam and Nuh, and they had followers who used to adhere to their guidance. Then,
when they died, their companions who used to follow them said,
`If we make
images of them, it will increase our desire to perform worship when we
So they made images of them. Then, when those people died
and other people came after them, Iblis approached them and said,
`They (your predecessors) used to worship these statues
and they were granted rain by their worship of them.'
Thus, they (the latter people) worshipped them.''
Supplication of Nuh against His People and for whoever believed in Him
meaning, by the idols that they took for worship, they
mislead a large number of people. For verily, the worship of those idols
continued throughout many generations until our times today, among the
Arabs, the non-Arabs and all the groups of the Children of Adam.
(Prophet Ibrahim) said in his supplication,
Leave not one of the disbelievers on the earth Dayyar!''
meaning, do not
leave a single one of them on the face of the earth, not even a lone
This is a method of speaking that gives emphasis to the
Ad-Dahhak said, "Dayyar means one.''
As-Suddi said, "Dayyar is
the one who stays in the home.''
So Allah answered his supplication and He
destroyed all of those on the face of the earth who were disbelievers. He
(Allah) even destroyed Nuh's (biological) son from his own loins, who
separated himself from his father (Nuh).
Forgive me, and
my parents, and him who enters my home as a believer,
"This means, my Masjid.''
However, there is no harm in understanding the
Ayah according to its apparent meaning, which would be that he (Nuh)
supplicated for every person who entered his house who was a believer.
Then he said,
and all the believing
men and women.
He supplicated for all of the believing men and women, and
that includes those of them who were living and those of them who were
dead. For this reason, it is recommended to supplicate like this, in
following the example of Nuh, and that which has been reported in the
narrations and well-known, legislated supplications.