Oath about the Final Return on the Day of Resurrection and the Refutation
against the Plots of the Thinkers
It has been mentioned
previously on more than one occasion that if the thing that is being sworn
about is something that is being negated, then it is permissible to use
the word "La'' (Nay) before the
oath to emphasize the negation.
Here, what is being sworn
about is the affirmation of the final abode and the refutation against the
claim of the ignorant that the resurrection of bodies will not occur. This
is why Allah says,
Yes, We are able to put
together in perfect order the tips of his fingers.
meaning, `does man
think that We will not gather his bones Surely, We will gather them and We
are quite able to put together his fingertips.
This means Our power is
suitable to gather (and recreate) them, and if We wished We could surely
resurrect him with more than what he originally had. We could make his
Banan, which are the tips of his fingers,
all equal (in length).'
Abu `Amr bin Al-`Ala' recited this Ayah as
Bariqa with a
under the letter Ra, which means to be diminished. That which he (Abu `Amr)
has said resembles the statement of Allah,
Their gaze returning not
towards them. (14:43)
meaning, they will be looking this way and that way
in horror. Their gaze will not be able to rest upon anything due to the
severity of the terror on that Day.
Others recited it as
Baraqa with a
Fathah over the letter
Ra, and its meaning is close to the first
The intent here is that
the eyes will be dazzled, humbled, diminished, and humiliated on the Day
of Judgement due to the severity of the horrors and the greatness of the
matters that they will witness on that Day.
This is Allah teaching
to His Messenger that how to receive the revelation from the angel. For verily, he
(the Prophet) was rushing in his attempts to grasp the revelation and he
would be reciting the revelation with the angel while he was reciting it.
Therefore, Allah commanded him that when the angel brings some revelation
to him he should just listen. Allah would make sure to collect it in his
chest, and He would make it easy for him to recite it in the same way that
it was revealed to him. Allah would explain it, interpret it and clarify
it for him. So
the first phase was
gathering it in his chest,
the second phase was
the third phase was its
explanation and clarification of its meaning.
But no! Rather you love
the present life of this world. And neglect the Hereafter.
only thing that has caused them to reject the Day of Judgement and oppose
the true revelation and the Mighty Qur'an Allah revealed to His Messenger
is that their only concern is the present worldly life. They are
preoccupied and distracted from the Hereafter.
This is just as was
recorded by Al-Bukhari in his Sahih,
سَتَرَوْنَ رَبَّكُمْ عِيَانًا
Verily, you all will see
your Lord with your own eyes.
The believers seeing
Allah in the abode of the Hereafter has been confirmed in the authentic
Hadiths from numerous routes of transmission with the scholars of Hadith.
It is not possible to deny this or refuse it. Examples would be the
Hadiths of Abu Sa`id and Abu Hurayrah, and they are both recorded in the
Two Sahihs. They both mentioned that some people said,
"O Messenger of Allah!
Will we see our Lord on the Day of Judgement''
When the people of
Paradise enter the Paradise, Allah will say, `Do you want me to give you
They will say, `Haven't You whitened our faces,
entered us into Paradise and saved us from the Fire'
Then He will remove
the veil and they will not be given anything more beloved to them than
looking at their Lord, and that will be the extra (Ziyadah).
recited this Ayah,
أَحْسَنُواْ الْحُسْنَى وَزِيَادَةٌ
For those who have done
good is the best and extra (Ziyadah).
Also among the Hadiths,
which Muslim was alone in recording, is the Hadith of Jabir in which the
يَتَجَلَّى لِلْمُؤْمِنِينَ يَضْحَك
Verily, Allah will
appear before the believers while He is laughing.
This will take place on
the open plains of the Resurrection place.
In some of these Hadiths, it
mentions that the believers will be looking at their Lord on the open
plains and some mention that this will occur in the Gardens of Paradise.
If it were not due to fear of taking up a lot of space, we would present
all of these Hadiths with their routes of transmission and wordings from
those that are in the Sahih collections, the collections of good
narrations, the Musnad collections and the Sunan collections. However, we
have mentioned this in separate places in this Tafsir, and Allah is the
Giver of success. This issue is something that the Companions, the
Successors and the Salaf of this nation have agreed upon, and all praise
is due to Allah. It is something that is agreed upon between the Imams of
Islam and the guides of all mankind.
Blackening of the
Faces of the Disobedient People on the Day of Judgement
Then why do you not
(intervene) when (the soul of the dying person) reaches the throat And you
at the moment are looking on, but We are nearer to him than you, but you
see not, then why do you not if you are exempt from the reckoning and
recompense, bring back the soul, if your are truthful? (56:83-87)
So, he neither believed
nor prayed! But on the contrary, he denied and turned away!
This is to inform about
the disbeliever who used to deny the truth in his heart in the abode of
this worldly life, and he used to turn away from acting according to its
way. Thus, there is no good in him, internally or externally.
Eat and enjoy yourselves
for a little. Verily, you are criminals. (77:46)
Allah also says,
شِئْتُمْ مِّن دُونِهِ
So worship what you like
besides Him. (39:15)
And like Allah's
Do what you will. (41:40)
There are other examples of this as well.
An-Nasa'i recorded from Sa`id bin Jubayr that he said,
"I mentioned to Ibn
ثُمَّ أَوْلَى لَكَ فَأَوْلَى (Woe to you! And then woe
to you! Again, woe to you! And then woe to you!) He (Ibn `Abbas) replied,
`The Messenger of Allah said this to Abu Jahl, then Allah, the Mighty and
Sublime, revealed this Ayah.'''
Ibn Abi Hatim recorded from Qatadah that
he said concerning Allah's statement, أَوْلَى
ثُمَّ أَوْلَى لَكَ فَأَوْلَى (Woe to you!
And then woe to you! Again, woe to you! And then woe to you!)
"It is a threat followed
by a threat, just as you hear it. They claim that the Prophet of Allah
grabbed the clothes of the enemy of Allah, Abu Jahl. The Prophet then said
to him, `Woe to you! And then (again) woe to you! Again woe to you! And
then (again) woe to you!' At this the enemy of Allah, Abu Jahl, said, `Are
you threatening me, O Muhammad By Allah! Neither you nor your Lord are
able to do anything, and verily, I am the mightiest person walking between
its (Makkah's) two mountains.'''
Mujahid, Ash-Shafi`i and `Abdur-Rahman bin Zayd bin Aslam,
"Meaning, he will not be
commanded and prohibited.''
Apparently the Ayah
includes both meanings.
- This means that he will
not be left neglected in this worldly life, without being commanded and
- He also will not be left
neglected in his grave unattended to without being resurrected.
Rather he will be
commanded and prohibited in this life, and gathered back to Allah in the
abode of the Hereafter.
The intent here is to
affirm the existence of the abode of the final return and to refute
whoever rejects it from the people of deviance, ignorance and
stubbornness. Thus, Allah uses the beginning of creation as a proof for
the repetition of the creation in His saying,
Then he became an
then shaped and fashioned in due proportion.
meaning, he became a
clot, then a lump of flesh, then he was formed and the soul was blown into
him. Then he became a perfect creation with healthy limbs, as either a
male or a female by the permission and decree of Allah.
And He it is Who
originates the creation, then He will repeat it; this is easier for Him.
The first view is more
popular, and Allah knows the best.
Completing this Surah
Abu Dawud recorded from
Musa bin Abi A'ishah that he said,
"A man used to pray on
top of his house and whenever he recited,أَلَيْسَ
ذَلِكَ بِقَادِرٍ عَلَى أَن يُحْيِيَ الْمَوْتَى (Is it not so then, that
He would be able to give life to the dead) he would say,
`Glory to You, of
So the people asked him about that and he said,
`I heard it from
the Messenger of Allah .'''
Abu Dawud was alone in transmitting this
Hadith and he did not mention who this Companion was, but there is no harm
This is the end of the Tafsir of
Surah Al-Qiyamah, all praise and
thanks are due to Allah.