The Prophet being
reprimanded because He frowned at a Weak Man
More than one of the scholars
of Tafsir mentioned that one day the Messenger of Allah was addressing one of
the great leaders of the Quraysh while hoping that he would accept Islam. While
he was speaking in direct conversation with him, Ibn Umm Maktum came to him, and
he was of those who had accepted Islam in its earliest days. He (Ibn Umm Maktum)
then began asking the Messenger of Allah about something, urgently beseeching
him. The Prophet hoped that the man would be guided, so he asked Ibn Umm Maktum
to wait for a moment so he could complete his conversation. He frowned in the
face of Ibn Umm Maktum and turned away from him in order to face the other man.
Thus, Allah revealed,
Of him you are neglectful and
divert your attention to another.
meaning, `you are too busy.'
Here Allah commands His
Messenger to not single anyone out with the warning. Rather, he should equal
warn the noble and the weak, the poor and the rich, the master and the slave,
the men and the women, the young and the old. Then Allah will guide whomever He
chooses to a path that is straight. He has the profound wisdom and the decisive
Abu Ya`la and Ibn Jarir both
recorded from Aishah that she said about,عَبَسَ وَتَوَلَّى
(He frowned and turned away), "was revealed.''
At-Tirmidhi recorded this
Hadith but he did not mention that it was narrated by Aishah.
I say it is reported like this
in Al-Muwatta' as well.
Ibn Abbas, Mujahid, Ad-Dahhak,
and Ibn Zayd, all said,
"These are the angels.''
(ambassadors) refers to the angels. They travel around rectifying matters
between themselves. The angels when they descend with the revelation of Allah,
bringing it like the ambassador who rectifies matters between people.''
reported from Ibn Abbas that he said, (لَمَّا
يَقْضِ مَا أَمَرَهُQutila mankind!)
"May man be cursed.''
Abu Malik also made a similar statement. He said,
"This refers to the
rejecting type of man, due to his abundant denial without any supporting
argument. Rather he denies simply because he thinks it is farfetched and because
he lacks knowledge of it.''
Ibn Jurayj said, مَا أَكْفَرَهُ How ungrateful he is!
means none is worse in disbelief than he is.''
Qatadah said, مَا أَكْفَرَهُ How ungrateful he is!
"This means none is more
cursed than he is.''
Then Allah explains how He
created him from something despised and that He is able to bring him back to
life just as He created him initially.
"Allah is saying, `Nay, the
matter is not as this disbelieving man says. He claims that he has fulfilled
Allah's right upon him regarding himself and his wealth. لَمَّا يَقْضِ مَا أَمَرَهُBut he has not done what He
Allah is saying that man has
not fulfilled for his Lord the obligations that were imposed upon him.''
What seems apparent to me of
its actual meaning -- and Allah knows best -- is that the Ayah
ثُمَّ إِذَا شَآءَ أَنشَرَهُ
Then when it is His will, He
will resurrect him.
means, He will resurrect him.
كَلاَّ لَمَّا يَقْضِ مَآ
Nay! But he has not done what
He commanded him.
means, He has not done it
(resurrected them) as of yet, until the time period has expired and the extent
of the earthly life of humanity is complete, according to the lives of all whom
Allah has written it to exist from the time they are brought into existence into
the world. Verily, Allah has decreed the existence of mankind, and its duration,
therefore, when that is finished with Allah, He resurrects the creatures and
repeats their creation just as He initially created them.
Growth of the Seed and Other Things is a Proof of Life after Death
meaning, `We cause it (the
water) to settle in it (the earth), and it enters into its boundaries, and
mingles with the parts of the seeds that are left in the earth. From this the
seeds grow, rise up and appear on the surface of the earth (in the form of
That Day shall a man flee
from his brother. And from his mother and his father. And from his wife and his
meaning, he will see them and then flee from them, and seek to get
away from them because horror will be so great and the matter will be so
There is an authentic Hadith related concerning the intercession that
states that every one of the great Messengers of firm resolve will be requested
to intercede with Allah on behalf of the creation, but each of them will say,
Today I will not ask You (O Allah) concerning anyone but
Even `Isa bin Maryam will say,
"I will not ask Him (Allah) concerning
anyone but myself today. I will not even ask Maryam, the woman who gave birth to
Thus, Allah says,
يَوْمَ يَفِرُّ الْمَرْءُ مِنْ أَخِيهِ
That Day shall a man flee from
his brother, and from his mother and his father, and from his wife and his
"The most beloved and then the
next most beloved, and the closest of kin and then the next closest of kin --
due to the terror of that Day.''