The Prostration of Recitation in Surah Al-Inshiqaq
It is reported from Abu
Salamah that while leading them in prayer, Abu Hurayrah recited,
إِذَا السَّمَاءُ انْشَقَّتْ(When the
heaven is split asunder) and he prostrated during its recitation. Then when he
completed the prayer, he informed them that the Messenger of Allah prostrated
during its recitation.
This was recorded by Muslim
and An-Nasa'i on the authority of Malik.
Al-Bukhari recorded from Abu
Rafi` that he prayed the Night prayer with
Abu Hurayrah) recited,
إِذَا السَّمَاءُ انْشَقَّتْ (When
the heaven is split asunder) then he prostrated. So Abu Rafi` said something to
him about it (questioning it). Abu Hurayrah replied,
"I prostrated behind
Abul-Qasim (the Prophet), and I will never cease prostrating during its
recitation until I meet him.''
Verily, you are returning
towards your Lord with your deeds and actions, a sure returning,
meaning, `verily you are
hastening to your Lord and working deeds.'
and you will meet.
`Then you will meet that which
you did of good or evil.'
A proof for this is what Abu
Dawud At-Tayalisi recorded from Jabir, that the Messenger of Allah said,
قَالَ جِبْرِيلُ: يَا
عِشْ مَا شِئْتَ
شِئْتَ فَإِنَّكَ مُفَارِقُهُ،
وَاعْمَلْ مَا شِئْتَ
Jibril said, "O Muhammad!
- Live how you wish, for verily
you will die;
- love what you wish, for verily
you will part with it;
- and do what you wish, for
verily you will meet it (your deed).
There are some people who
refer the pronoun back to the statement "your Lord.''
Thus, they hold the
mean, "and you will meet your
This means that He will reward
you for your work, and pay you for your efforts. Therefore, both of these two
views are connected.
Al-`Awfi recorded from Ibn
Abbas that he said explaining, يَا أَيُّهَا
الْإِنسَانُ إِنَّكَ كَادِحٌ إِلَى رَبِّكَ كَدْحًا (O man! Verily, you are
returning towards your Lord with your deeds and actions, a sure returning),
"Whatever deed you do, you
will meet Allah with it, whether it is good or bad.''
The Presentation and the Discussion that will take place
during the Reckoning
It has been reported from Ali,
Ibn Abbas, Ubadah bin As-Samit, Abu Hurayrah, Shaddad bin Aws, Ibn Umar,
Muhammad bin Ali bin Al-Husayn, Makhul, Bakr bin Abdullah Al-Muzani, Bukayr bin
Al-Ashaj, Malik, Ibn Abi Dhi'b, and Abdul Aziz bin Abi Salamah Al-Majishun, they
is the redness (in the sky).
Abdur-Razzaq recorded from Abu
Hurayrah that he said,
is the whiteness.''
So Ash-Shafaq is the redness of the horizon, either before sunset, as
Mujahid said or after sunset, as is well known with the scholars of the Arabic
Al-Khalil bin Ahmad said,
is the redness that appears from the setting of sun until the time of the last `Isha'
(when it is completely dark). When that redness goes away, it is said,
Ash-Shafaq has disappeared.'''
is the remaining light of the sun and its redness at the beginning of the night
until it is close to actual nighttime (darkness).''
Ikrimah made a similar
statement when he said,
is that what is between Al-Maghrib and
In the Sahih of Muslim, it is
recorded from Abdullah bin Amr that the Messenger of Allah said,
وَقْتُ الْمَغْرِبِ مَا
لَمْ يَغِبِ الشَّفَق
the time of
Al-Maghrib is as long as
Ash-Shafaq has not disappeared.''
In all of this, there is a
proof that Ash-Shafaq is as Al-Jawhari and
Al-Khalil have said.
What is the matter with them,
that they believe not? And when the Qur'an is recited to them, they fall not
meaning, what prevents them
from believing in Allah, His Messenger and the Last Day, and what is wrong with
them that when Allah's Ayat and His Words are recited to them they do not
prostrate due to awe, respect and reverence.