meaning, He showed him to his transgression and his
This means that He clarified
that for it and He guided it to what has been ordained for him.
Ibn `Abbas said, فَأَلْهَمَهَا
(Then He showed it its
Fujur and its Taqwa).
"He explained the good and the evil to it (the soul).''
Qatadah, Ad-Dahhak and Ath-Thawri all said the same.
Sa`id bin Jubayr said,
"He gave him inspiration (to
see what was) good and evil.''
Ibn Zayd said,
its Fujur and its Taqwa inside of it.''
Ibn Jarir recorded from Abul-Aswad Ad-Dili
that he said, "`Imran bin Husayn said to me,
`Do you think that what the people
do, and what they strive for is a thing that is pre-ordained and predestined for
or is it a thing which is only written after the Message comes to them
from the Prophet, when there will be an evidence against them'
I said, `Rather
it is something preordained upon them.'
Then he said, `Is that an injustice'
Then I became extremely frightened of him (due to what he was saying), and I
said to him,
`There is nothing except that He (Allah) created it and possesses
it in His Hand. He is not asked about what He does, while they (His creation)
will be asked.'
He (`Imran) then said,
`May Allah guide you! I only asked you
about that in order to inform you that a man from Muzaynah or Juhaynah tribe
came to the Allah's Messenger and asked him:
"O Messenger of Allah! Do you
consider the actions of mankind and their struggles to be preordained for them
and written for them from Qadr, or something
written for them only after the Message came to them from their Prophet, when
there will be an evidence against them''
He (the Prophet ) replied:
بَلْ شَيْءٌ قَدْ قُضِيَ
Rather it is something
preordained for them.
So the man said, "Then what is
the point of our actions''
Indeed he succeeds who
purifies it. And indeed he fails who Dassaha.
This could mean that whoever
purifies himself by obedience to Allah, then he will be successful.
This is as Qatadah said,
"He cleanses it from the lowly and despicable characteristics.''
Similar to this has been reported from Mujahid, `Ikrimah and Sa`id bin Jubayr.
And indeed he fails who
meaning, to conceal it.
This means that he makes it dull, and he
disregards it by neglecting to allow it to receive guidance. He treats it in
this manner until he performs acts of disobedience and he abandons obedience of
It also could mean that he is indeed successful whose soul Allah
purifies, and he has failed whose soul Allah corrupts.
This is like what was
reported by Al-`Awfi and `Ali bin Abi Talhah from Ibn `Abbas.
At-Tabarani recorded that Ibn
"The Messenger of Allah used
to stop whenever he recited this Ayah,
meaning, the most wicked person of the tribe, and he was Qudar bin Salif,
the one who killed the she-camel. He was leader of the tribe of Thamud, and he
is the one whom Allah refers to in His saying,
But they called their comrade
and he took (a sword) and killed (her). (54:29)
This man was mighty and
respected among his people. He was of noble lineage and a leader who was obeyed.
This is just as Imam Ahmad recorded from `Abdullah bin Zam`ah. He said that the
Messenger of Allah gave a sermon in which he mentioned the she-camel and he
mentioned the man who killed her. Then he said, إِذِ انبَعَثَ أَشْقَـهَا (When their most wicked went
So their Lord destroyed them
because of their sin,
meaning, He became angry with
them and He annihilated them.
meaning, He made the
punishment descend upon them all equally.
"It has reached us
that the leader of tribe of Thamud did not kill the she-camel until their youth,
their elderly, their males and their females all pledged allegiance to him. So
when the people cooperated in killing her, Allah destroyed them all with the
same punishment due to their sin.''