"The Prophet became ill, so he
did not stand for prayer for a night or two. Then a woman came and said,
`O Muhammad! I think that your
devil has finally left you.'
So Allah revealed,
وَالَّيْلِ إِذَا سَجَى
مَا وَدَّعَكَ رَبُّكَ وَمَا
By the forenoon.
By the night when it darkens.
Your Lord has neither forsaken
you nor hates you.
At-Tirmidhi, An-Nasa'i, Ibn Abi Hatim and Ibn Jarir, all recorded this Hadith.
Jundub (who narrated it) is Ibn `Abdullah Al-Bajali Al-`Alaqi. In a
narration from Al-Aswad bin Qays, he said that he heard
Jundub say that Jibril was slow in coming to the Messenger of Allah . So
the idolators said,
By the forenoon. By the night
when it darkens. Your Lord has neither forsaken you nor hates you.
Al-`Awfi reported from Ibn Abbas,
"When the Qur'an was revealed
to the Messenger of Allah, Jibril was delayed from coming to him for a number
of days (on one occasion). Therefore, the Messenger of Allah was affected by
this. Then the idolators began to say, `His Lord has abandoned him and hates
him.' So Allah revealed, مَا وَدَّعَكَ
رَبُّكَ وَمَا قَلَى Your Lord has neither forsaken
you nor hates you.''
In this, Allah is swearing by
the forenoon and the light that He has placed in it. وَاللَّيْلِ
إِذَا سَجَى By the night when it darkens
meaning, it settles, darkens
and overcomes them.
This was said by Mujahid,
Qatadah, Ad-Dahhak, Ibn Zayd and others. This is a clear proof of the power of
the Creator of this (light) and that (darkness).
This is as Allah says,
By the night as it envelops.
By the Day as it appears. (92:1-2)
And indeed the Hereafter is
better for you than the present.
meaning, the abode of the
Hereafter is better for you than this current abode.
For this reason the Messenger
of Allah used to be the most abstinent of the people concerning the worldly
things, and he was the greatest of them in his disregard for worldly matters.
This is well known by necessity from his biography. When the Prophet was given
the choice at the end of his life between remaining in this life forever and
then going to Paradise, or moving on to the company of Allah, he chose that
which is with Allah over this lowly world. Imam Ahmad recorded that Abdullah bin
"The Messenger of Allah was
lying down on a straw mat and it left marks on his side. Then when he woke up he
began to rub his side. So I said,
`O Messenger of Allah! Will
you allow us to spread something soft over this straw mat'
And verily, your Lord will
give you so that you shall be well-pleased.
meaning, in the final abode
Allah will give him until He pleases him concerning his followers, and in that
which He has prepared for him from His generosity.
From this will be the River of
Al-Kawthar, which will have domes of hollowed
pearls on its banks, and the mud on its banks will be the strongest fragrance of
musk, as will be mentioned.
Imam Abu `Amr Al-Awza`i
recorded that Ibn `Abbas said,
"The Messenger of Allah was
shown that which his Ummah would be blessed with
after him, treasure upon treasure. So he was pleased with that. Then Allah revealed, وَلَسَوْفَ
يُعْطِيكَ رَبُّكَ فَتَرْضَى
(And verily, your Lord will
give you so that you shall be well-pleased).
So, Allah will give him in
Paradise one million palaces, and each palace will contain whatever he wishes of
wives and servants.''
This was recorded by Ibn Jarir
and Ibn Abi Hatim from his route of transmission. This chain of narration is
authentic to Ibn `Abbas, and statements like this can only be said from that
which is Tawqif.
A Mention of some
of Allah's Favors upon the Messenger Enumerating His Favours upon His Messenger,
Did He not find you an orphan
and gave you a refuge?
This refers to the fact that
-his father died while his mother was still
pregnant with him,
-and his mother, Aminah bint Wahb died when he was
only six years old.
-After this he was under the guardianship of his
grandfather, Abdul-Muttalib, until he died when Muhammad was eight years old.
-Then his uncle, Abu Talib took responsibility for
him and continued to protect him, assist him, elevate his status, honor him, and
even restrain his people from harming him.
When he was forty years of age
and Allah commissioned him with the Prophethood. Even with this, Abu Talib
continued to follow the religion of his people, worshipping idols. All of this
took place by the divine decree of Allah and His decree is most excellent. Until
Abu Talib died a short time before the Hijrah.
After this (Abu Talib's death)
the foolish and ignorant people of the Quraysh began to attack him, so Allah
chose for him to migrate away from them to the city of Al-Aws and Al-Khazraj
among those who helped him (in Al-Madinah). Allah caused his Sunnah to be spread
in the most perfect and complete manner. Then, when he arrived at their city,
they gave him shelter, supported him, defended him and fought before him
(against the enemies of Islam) -- may Allah be pleased with all of them. All of
this was from Allah's protection for him, guarding over him and caring for him.