This was said by Ibn `Abbas,
Mujahid, `Ikrimah, Al-Hasan, Ibrahim An-Nakha`i, Ibn Zayd and Ka`b Al-Ahbar.
There is no difference of
opinion about this.
Some of the Imams have said
that these are three different places, and that Allah sent a Messenger to each
of them from the Leading Messengers, who delivered the Great Codes of Law.
- The first place is that of the
fig and the olive, which was Jerusalem, where Allah sent `Isa bin Maryam.
- The second place is Mount Sinin, which is Mount Sinai where Allah spoke to Musa bin `Imran.
- The third place is Makkah, and
it is the city of security where whoever enters is safe. It is also the city in
which Muhammad was sent.
They have said that these
three places are mentioned at the end of the Tawrah. The verse says,
- "Allah has
come from Mount Sinai - meaning the one upon
which Allah spoke to Musa bin `Imran;
shined from Sa`ir - meaning the
mountain of Jerusalem from which Allah sent `Isa;
appeared from the mountains of Faran - meaning the mountains of
Makkah from which Allah sent Muhammad .''
Thus, He mentioned them in
order to inform about them based upon their order of existence in time. This is
why He swore by a noble place, then by a nobler place, and then by a place that
is the nobler than both of them.
Man becoming Lowly even though He was created in the Best
Some have said, ثُمَّ رَدَدْنَاهُ
أَسْفَلَ سَافِلِينَ (Then We reduced him to the
lowest of the low).
"This means decrepit old
This has been reported from
Ibn `Abbas and `Ikrimah.
Ikrimah even said,
"Whoever gathers the Qur'an
(i.e., he memorizes it all), then he will not be returned to decrepit old age.''
Ibn Jarir preferred this
Even if this was the meaning,
it would not be correct to exclude the believers from this, because some of them
are also overcome by the senility of old age. Thus, the meaning here is what we
have already mentioned (i.e., the first view), which is similar to Allah's
meaning, `in the recompense
that will take place in the Hereafter.
For indeed you know the
beginning, and you know that He Who is able to begin (the creation) is also able
to repeat it which is easier. So what is it that makes you deny the final return
in the Hereafter after you have known this'