These Ayat inform of the
beginning of man's creation from a dangling clot, and that out of Allah's
generosity He taught man that which he did not know. Thus, Allah exalted him and
honored him by giving him knowledge, and it is the dignity that the Father of
Humanity, Adam, was distinguished with over the angels. Knowledge sometimes is
in the mind, sometimes on the tongue, and sometimes in writing with the fingers.
Thus, it may be intellectual, spoken and written. And while the last (written)
necessitates the first two (intellectual and spoken), the reverse is not true.
The Threat against Man's Transgression for the sake of Wealth
Allah informs that man is very
pleased, most evil, scornful and transgressive when he considers himself
self-sufficient and having an abundance of wealth. Then Allah threatens, warns
and admonishes him in His saying,
`And they are the angels of
torment. This is so that he may know who will win -- Our group or his group'
Al-Bukhari recorded that Ibn
Abbas said, "Abu Jahl said,
`If I see Muhammad praying at
the Ka`bah, I will stomp on his neck.'
So this reached the Prophet ,
If he does, he will be seized
by the angels.''
This Hadith was also recorded
by At-Tirmidhi and An-Nasa'i in their Books of Tafsir.
Likewise, it has been recorded
by Ibn Jarir. Ahmad, At-Tirmidhi, An-Nasa'i and Ibn Jarir, all recorded it from
Ibn `Abbas with the following wording:
"The Messenger of Allah was
praying at the Maqam (prayer station of Ibrahim) when Abu Jahl bin Hisham passed
by him and said,
`O Muhammad! Haven't I
prevented you from this'
He threatened the Prophet and
thus, the Messenger of Allah became angry with him and reprimanded him.
Then he said,
`O Muhammad! What can you
threaten me with By Allah, I have the most kinsmen of this valley with me in the
Then Allah revealed,
Then let him call upon his
council. We will call out the guards of Hell!''
Ibn `Abbas then said,
"If he had called his people,
the angels of torment would have seized him at that very instant.''
At-Tirmidhi said, "Hasan
Ibn Jarir recorded from Abu
Hurayrah that Abu Jahl said, "Does Muhammad cover his face
with dust (i.e., from prostration) while he is among you all''
They (the people) replied,
Then he said, "By Al-Lat and Al-`Uzza, if I
see him praying like this, I will stomp on his neck, and I will certainly put
his face in the dust.''
So the Messenger of Allah came
and he began praying, which made it possible for Abu Jahl to stomp on his neck.
Then the people became surprised at him (Abu Jahl) because he began retreating
on his heels and covering himself with his hands.
Then it was said to him,
"What's the matter with you''
He replied, "Verily, between
me and him is a ditch of fire, monsters and wings.''
meaning, `O Muhammad! Do not
obey him in what he is forbidding from such as steadfastness in worship and
performing worship in abundance. Pray wherever you wish and do not worry about
him. For indeed Allah will protect you and help you, and He will defend you
against the people.'
Fall prostrate and draw near
This is just like what has
been confirmed in the Sahih of Muslim on the authority of Abu Salih who reported
from Abu Hurayrah that the Messenger of Allah said,