meaning, he will be baffled by
its situation after it used to be stable, settled and firm, and he used to be
settled upon its surface.
This refers to the alteration
of the state of things and the earth moving and shaking. There will come to it
inescapable quaking that Allah prepared for it. Then it will throw out its dead
people -- from the first to the last generations. At that time the people will
be baffled by the events and the earth changing into other than the earth, and
the heavens as well. Then they will be presented before Allah, the One, the
meaning, it will speak of what
the people did upon its surface.
Imam Ahmad, At-Tirmidhi and
Abu `Abdur-Rahman An-Nasa'i all recorded a Hadith from Abu Hurayrah -- and in
the wording of An-Nasa'i's version it states -- that he said, "The Messenger of
Allah recited this Ayah, يَوْمَئِذٍ
تُحَدِّثُ أَخْبَارَهَا(That Day
it will declare its information.) Then he said, Do you know what is its
That Day mankind will proceed
in scattered groups أَشْتَاتًا (Ashtat),
meaning, they will return from
the station of the Judgement in separate groups.
This means that they will be
divided into types and categories: between those who are miserable and those who
are happy, and those who are commanded to go to Paradise and those who are
commanded to go to the Hellfire.
As-Suddi said, "أَشْتَاتًا Ashtat
... لِّيُرَوْا أَعْمَالَهُمْ﴿٦﴾
that they may be shown their
meaning, so that they may act
and be rewarded for what they did in this life of good and evil.
In reference to the man for
whom they are a reward, he is the man who keeps them to be used in the way of
Allah. Thus, they spend their entire life grazing in the pasture or garden
(waiting in preparation for Jihad). So whatever afflicts them during that
lengthy period in the pasture or garden, it will be counted as good deeds for
Then, if their lengthy period
is ended and they are used for a noble battle or two, their hoof prints and
their dung are counted as good deeds for him.
When they passed through a
stream from which they did drink, though he (their owner) does not intend to
quench their thirst, yet, it would be counted as good deeds, Therefore, they are
a reward for that man.
A man who keeps them to
maintain himself and to be independent of others (i.e., begging, etc.), and he
does not forget the right of Allah upon their necks and their backs (i.e., their
Zakah), then they are a shield for him (from the
A man who keeps them in order
to boast, brag and show off, then they are a burden for him (on Judgement Day).
So the Messenger of Allah was
then asked about the donkeys and he said,
Beware of the sins that are
belittled. For verily, they are gathered in a man until they destroy him.
And indeed the Messenger of
Allah made an example of them (sins that are taken lightly) by saying that they
are like a people who settle in barren land. Then their leader comes and orders
the men to go out one at a time and each bring back a stick until they have
gathered a large number of sticks. Then they kindled a fire and burned
everything that they threw into it.
This is the end of the Tafsir
of Surah Az-Zalzalah and all praise and
thanks are due to Allah.